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Reconstruction - 1,156 words
After the Civil War ended, President Lincoln was faced with the task of rejoining a Union which was thriving less than fifty years earlier. In 1863 to achieve this goal, Lincoln introduced his restoration plan to the country. During this time of Reconstruction many compromises were made in order to bring the south into American society once more, while incorporating the needs of the newly emancipated slaves. Although Lincoln was very helpful in trying to join the north and south, he was assassinated before and his successor, Andrew Johnson disliked by the majority of the nation, could not follow through with its ideals. During this time, ex-slaves were trying to integrate into the new Americ ...
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Struggle For Blacks Rights After Civil War - 549 words
After the Civil War and the emancipation proclamation by lincoln the slaves of america were free. This was a huge step in making our country truly free to all people. The reconstruction of the south did not however work out smoothly for the freed slaves. There were many road blocks along the way such as the "Black Codes", the Plessy vs. Ferguson case and the terror of the Ku Klux Klan. The 14th amendment gave the freed slaves citizenship and some voting rights. From the reconstruction the 14th amendment the "black Codes" and the Plessy vs. Ferguson case all had significance on the status of african americans from reconstructoin to 1900. The radical republicans method of reconstruction called ...
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Profiles In Courage - 1,014 words
In John F. Kennedy's book, Profiles in Courage, he discusses men who he believes to be politically courageous. He points out in each case how they stood up for what they believed in no matter what the consequences. JFK goes into detail about eight different men, including, John Quincy Adams, Daniel Webster and Thomas Hart Benton. Some of these men were hated and mocked by their own political party and very few others were praised and earned the respect of their country. John Quincy Adams was a Massachusetts Senator. His support of the Embargo Bill, which cut off all trade with Great Britain, caused him great unpopularity. He was a Federalist. His party, his constituents, and even his home st ...
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Brown V Board Of Education - 1,432 words
Analysis of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka On June 7, 1892 a man named Homer Adolph Plessy was arrested and jailed for refusing to leave the White section of an East Louisiana Railroad train. Although Plessy was only one-eighths black, under Louisiana law he was considered black and, therefore, required to sit in the Colored section. The punishment for breaking this law, the Separate Car Act, was a fine of twenty-five dollars or twenty days in jail. Plessy went to court and argued, in Homer Adolph Plessy v. The State of Louisiana, that the Separate Car Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution. The judge hearing the case was John Howard Ferguson, who ha ...
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Reconstruction - 1,330 words
The Era of Reconstruction following the Civil War was a period marked by an intense struggle to restore a worn-out and devastated society. The war, which was aimed at confronting the national problem of slavery, only led to subsequent dilemmas over emancipation and an undefined condition of freedom. Some had naively believed that ending slavery would solve the problem of racial inequality, overlooking the prejudice and uninviting atmosphere towards blacks. Questions over how to reinstate a disloyal population with the fall of the Confederacy and restore a destroyed southern territory rang throughout the nation. Although the former slaves were undeniably freed, the foundations for a racial de ...
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Texas Annexation - 934 words
Narrative History of Texas Annexation, Secession, and Readmission to the Union Texans voted in favor of annexation to the United States in the first election following independence in 1836. However, throughout the Republic period (1836-1845) no treaty of annexation negotiated between the Republic and the United States was ratified by both nations. When all attempts to arrive at a formal annexation treaty failed, the United States Congress passed--after much debate and only a simple majority--a Joint Resolution for Annexing Texas to the United States. Under these terms, Texas would keep both its public lands and its public debt, it would have the power to divide into four additional states "o ...
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Lincoln Assination - 907 words
Assassination of Abraham Lincoln John Wilkes Booth, born May 10, 1838, was an actor who performed throughout the country in many plays. He was the lead in some of William Shakespeare's most famous works. He was also a racist and Southern sympathizer during the Civil War. He hated Abraham Lincoln who represented everything Booth was against. Booth blamed Lincoln for all the South's problems. He wanted revenge. In late summer of 1864, Booth began developing plans to kidnap Lincoln, take him to Richmond and hold him in return for Confederate prisoners of war. By January 1865, Booth had organized a group that included Samuel Arnold, Michael O'Laughlin, John Surratt, Lewis Powell, George Atzerodt ...
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Conspirators - 1,148 words
When Lee surrendered to Grant at the battle of Gettysburg, many people in America thought this was the end of the Civil War. One Confederate soldier, John Wilkes Booth, refused to believe the North beat the South, so he devised a plan to kidnap the President. He gathered three men and a woman to help with this plan. Each of these people played an important role in the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. They were Lewis Powell, David Herold, George Atzerodt, and Mary Surratt. Lewis Powell was the son of Baptist preacher. He was born in Randolph County, Alabama in 1844. As a young man, Powell worked as a supervisor of his fathers plantation in Florida. He was infantryman, who fought at ...
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The Impeachment Of The President Of The Usa - 2,588 words
ter>Sam Vaknin's Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites In the hallways of the Smithsonian, two moralists are debating the impeachment of the President of the United States of America, Mr. William Jefferson Clinton. One is clearly Anti-Clinton (AC) the other, a Democrat (DC), is not so much for him as he is for the rational and pragmatic application of moral principles. AC (expectedly): "The President should be impeached". DC (no less expectedly) ; "But, surely, even you are not trying to imply that he has committed high crimes and misdemeanours, as the Constitution demands as grounds for the impeachment of a sitting President !" AC : "But I do. Perjury is such a hig ...
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The History Of Lincoln's Assassination - 1,391 words
On April 14, 1865 just five days after the end of the Civil War, The President of the United States was attending a play at Fords Theater in Washington D.C. Abraham Lincoln had no expectations of being shot that night. John Wilkes Booth was actor at Fords Theater and had a severe plan to kill the President. He blamed Lincoln for the Souths defeat against the North. Booth shot Lincoln in the head and later killing him. In the late summer of 1864 Booth began to plan to kidnap Abraham Lincoln. The President would be seized, taken to Richmond and held in exchange for Confederate soldiers in Union Prison camps. Booth began to recruit a gang of conspirators. Within several months, he had recruited ...
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Analysis Of American Reconstruction And The 14th Amendment - 828 words
Legal scholar Gene Healy has made a powerful argument in favor of abolishing the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution. When a fair vote was taken on it in 1865, in the aftermath of the War for Southern Independence, it was rejected by the Southern states and all the border states. Failing to secure the necessary three-fourths of the states, the Republican party, which controlled Congress, passed the Reconstruction Act of 1867 which placed the entire South under military rule. The purpose of this, according to one Republican congressman, was to coerce Southern legislators to vote for the amendment at the point of a bayonet. President Andrew Johnson called this tactic absolute despotism ...
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Legal Issues And Arguments Regarding Abortion - 2,337 words
... ter the 14th Amendment was created in 1868. Conversely, although some of the framers of PIC14 believed that the privileges and immunities of Article IV were strictly limited to fundamental and ancient rights (as discussed in Corfield v. Coryell), that was not the prevailing view either, in the sense that equal rights for out-of-state visitors was never limited to a narrow range of fundamental and ancient rights. The plain language of PIC14 ("No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States") does not define what those PIC14 privileges or immunities are. Justice Field's Slaughter-House dissent opined that "The privile ...
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Black Code - 1,356 words
After the American Civil War the Radical Republicans advocated the passing of the Civil Rights Bill, legislation that was designed to protect freed slaves from Southern Black Codes (laws that placed severe restrictions on freed slaves such as prohibiting their right to vote, forbidding them to sit on juries, limiting their right to testify against white men, carrying weapons in public places and working in certain occupations). In April 1866, President Andrew Johnson vetoed the Civil Rights Bill. Johnson told Thomas C. Fletcher, the governor of Missouri: 'This is a country for white men, and by God, as long as I am President, it shall be a government for white men.' His views on racial equal ...
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Reconstruction - 678 words
The Civil War was the bloodiest war to be fought on American soil. Although both sides expected the conflict to be over in a matter of days, it lasted four tumultuous years, from 1861-1865. The war pitted brother against brother, neighbor against neighbor. The period of Reconstruction, the time when our nation attempted to mend its broken relations with the South and rebuild after the destructive war, lasted until 1877. What many people don't know is that the original intent of the Civil War was to preserve the Union. Many factors went into Lincoln's decision to also address slavery through this war. For one, the number of men enlisting in the war was dwindling, and it became apparent that b ...
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