Motivational Theories - 802 words
The success of any organization depends on the ability of managers to provide a motivating environment for its employees. Motivated employees are more productive, happier, and stay with the organization longer. One of the primary tasks a manager faces is to find out what motivates their staff. By understanding employee needs, managers can understand what rewards to use to motivate them. Abraham Maslow proposed the theory called hierarchy of needs theory (370-396). Maslow believed that within every individual, there exists a hierarchy of five needs and that each level of need must be satisfied before an individual pursues the next higher level of need. As the individual progresses through the ...
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None - 828 words
I chose to do my observation on a small (12 students) elementary ESL class. The students in this class ranged from second grade up to fifth grade and all are fairly fluent in English, but come from homes that use Spanish as the primary language. The day began with a rehearsal of a play this class will be performing for the first graders. This play calls for the children to read, understand, and memorize the parts of such characters as the narrator, a donkey, cat, rooster, robbers, police, dog, and pigs. By doing this they have been exposed to many animals and have done an enormous amount of authentic learning just through their own personal experiences. Each of the twelve children was given ...
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Drug Addiction - 4,079 words
... ve drugs. The Addiction Research Center Inventory, an empirically derived test designed to measure the subjective effects of addictive drugs, detects the mood-elevating effects of psychomotor stimulants and opiates on the same scale (see Haertzen and Hickey 1987). On the other hand, the subjective-effects of these two drug classes can be easily distinguished. This is not surprising considering that ex-addicts report a preference for heroin over morphine (Martin and Fraser 1961), even though heroin is rapidly converted to morphine after entering the brain (Jaffe and Martin 1975). This drug preference is probably related to pharmacokinetic differences in these two compounds which may produ ...
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Four Types Of Learning - 970 words
The four types of learning are classical conditioning, operant conditioning, social learning, and cognitive learning. In this paper I will give you an overview on each type of learning and examples of each. Classical Conditioning is the first part of conditioning discovered by Ivan Paslow in which associations are made between a natural stimulus and a learned, neutral stimulus. It is the most primitive of learning. Classical Conditioning consist of conditional and unconditional stimulus and conditional and unconditional response. Response is a reaction to stimulus. Stimulus is anything that elicits a response. Unconditional Stimulus is a stimulus that automatically elicits a response. Condit ...
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Asd - 1,597 words
Introduction Description A depressive disorder is a whole-body illness, involving your body, mood, and thoughts. It affects the way you eat and sleep, the way you feel about yourself, and the way you think about things. A depressive disorder is not the same as a passing blue mood. It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be willed or wished away. People with a depressive illness cannot merely "pull themselves together" and get better. Without treatment, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or years. The appropriate treatment, however, can help most people who suffer from depression. Types Of Depression Depressive disorders come in different forms. The three most prevalen ...
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Pschology - 1,238 words
Heredity traits that I think have shaped me into the person I today come mostly from my maternal side. I inherited my mothers easy-going and outgoing personalty. Both of my parents are very level headed and very realistic. I am inherited both of those traits also. My father always went out of his way to make people feel comfortable, I inherited some of that trait because I like to make people feel comfortable in awkward or new environments. Environmental factors that have influenced my development as a person have shaped my outlook on life and my beliefs. I have been brought up in neighborhoods where strong family structure, family values, and morals are very important. The reason I want to ...
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Correlates Of Delinquency - 2,462 words
Studies have been conducted on what factors lead to delinquency. Proposed factors of delinquency have been studied in three major fields, biological, psychological, and sociological. This study is guided by psychological and sociological theories. The question of whether or not relationships among attachment, aggression, and delinquency exist was investigated through survey research. Attachment, aggression, and delinquent behavior were measured for college students from three universities, one and business college, in Honolulu, Hawaii. Correlation analysis found that the variables are significantly correlated in the hypothesized direction, for the entire group. It was found that: 1) attachme ...
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Classical Operant And Observational Conditioning - 762 words
Classical, operant, and observational are all types of conditioning and learning. Conditioning, in psychology, is causing an organism to exhibit a specific response to a stimulus. A stimulus is anything that Classical conditioning is a form of learning, in which a reflexive or automatic response transfers from one stimulus to another. For instance, a person who has had painful experiences at the dentists office may become fearful at just the sight of the dentists office building. Fear, a natural response to a painful stimulus, has transferred to a different stimulus, the sight of a building. Most psychologists believe that classical conditioning occurs when a person forms a mental associatio ...
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How To Trainn A Dog - 645 words
What I want to do is train my dog to shake with either paw upon request. If I say right I want him to raise his right paw and the same for the left. I would use operant and classical conditioning to reach the goal of teaching this trick to my dog. I must condition the dog to shake by using positive reinforcement. The dog (Max) already puts his paw on me when I grab his head so I will act like I am going to reach for his head and when he puts his paw on me I will say, shake. Every time he puts his paw on me after I say shake I will give him a liver treat. Once I have conditioned him to shake it will then be time to differentiate right from left. I want the words, shake right and shake left t ...
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The Right Stuff - 628 words
As one advances in their educational process it becomes apparent that some of their instructors were a significant cut above the rest. These few individuals are inevitably viewed as master craftsmen. But why is it that some instructors posses the right stuff for being effective with their students while others do not? When one analyzes their educational experience, those instructors that were extremely effective appear to them as makers of fine wine, turning grapes into a drink which is pleasurable to the pallet. All instructors careers starts out in much the same manner as a trades apprentice. First, they must go to school themselves. Then, they must observe experts in action. And finally, ...
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Night - 1,233 words
Elie describes the events that are occurring around him and his profession. The Jews from the town of Sighet are relocated (against there will) to the Jewish ghettos. Elie had to leave all of his belongings and possessions behind. They were transported from their desired residence to the ghettos by cattle trains. Elie must have felt helpless, sad, and angry that everything that he and his family had worked for was being taken away. He as well felt this way because he could not do anything about it and/or to prevent it. He had the mature feelings even though unlike many other children he was not separated from his family helping him deal with what was going on around him better. Elie and his ...
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Quiz 1 - 713 words
Children raised in a single-parent home are not necessarily more prone to be social misfits (those who have behavioral problems and perform acts deemed as unacceptable by society) than children raised in a two-parent home. First, I gave an operational definition to the term "social misfits" which is ambiguous and could be interpreted in many ways by different people. Also, in making this statement, I examined the evidence. Personal experience and observation of other children raised in single-parent homes led me to this conclusion. The evidence I used is not necessarily the most reliable because it is not based on any group study or scientific research, but the topic is researchable and I be ...
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Classical Learning Vs Operant Learning - 1,617 words
There are many different fields of study in psychology. One field of study is the cognitive process of learning. Learning is any relatively permanent change in behavior (or behavior potential) resulting from experience (Baron G-7). The learning process helps us, all organisms, adapt to changing conditions in our environment and the world around us. Although the effects of learning are very diverse, many psychologists believe that learning occurs in several basic forms. Two of these forms are called classical learning or classical conditioning and operant learning or operant conditioning (170). Classical Conditioning is a basic form of learning in which one stimulus comes to serve as a signal ...
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Behavior Theories - 1,421 words
The wide study of human beings has led psychologists to the development of many theories explaining the elements that cause a persons behavior and attitude. In this paper I would like to reflect upon some of the theories we studied such as: the cultivation theory, social learning theory, the attribution theory, and the cognitive dissonance theory, and relate them to my life and surrounding environment. Id like to first start off with the cultivation theory (also keep in mind the social learning theory, it is of the same nature). For those unfamiliar with this theory it states, the more media one consumes the more likely he or she will perceive the world as scary place. Now to be totally hone ...
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Psychology Situations - 793 words
A) A company hired you to be the new manager of a division that has not been doing well for several months. How can you improve employee performance? I would improve the employee performance by positive reinforcement. Lets just say that the company division is supposed to make phones. Once the phones got out into the market, there were a lot of complaints and recalls on them. I would talk to my employees and give them rewards if they put more time into the products that they make. After a month if I didnt hear any more complaints, then Id start giving out rewards to the employees; by maybe letting them leave an hour early, or buying pizza for the whole crew. Anything that would keep the cust ...
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Adhd - 1,185 words
The implications for teaching students with ADHD can be difficult depending on the amount of time one wants to put into it. Some teachers may not have the time to spend hours researching the most effective styles to teach the ADHD student. Other teachers may not have the desire to research. So like most situations in life, there is an easy way and a hard way. However, I do believe that the hard way would be most fulfilling to the teacher and it would definitely enhance the student. There are three major areas for teachers to be mindful of when setting up a classroom with ADHD students. These three areas of accommodations are: physical, instructional, and behavioral. These, as well as a few m ...
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Time Management As A Learned Skill - 480 words
There is a six-step program for improving time management. Determine your life goals, whether they are short term or long term. Ask yourself questions and probe yourself deeper into how you plan to achieve these goals, and where youll set up check points to make sure that youre on track. Then proceed to what are my plans, this means setting your intermediate range goals. What you plan to do in the meanwhile while you are on your course to accomplishing your goals. This leads to what are my actions. What are the steps you will take to achieve these goals? What is my master timetable? In this step you set your schedule for the semester or quarter or one of your checkpoints. What is my weekly t ...
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Behaviour Modification - 409 words
Give your cat a manicure, its best to start when its a kitten. Take your cat to a proffesional groomer or do it yourself. Get your cat accustomed to having you touch its paws. You will need to have a good source of light and you will want to be able to gently, but firmly, control your cat. Only trim the very tip of the cats nail. Scratching and stretching are a natural part of being a cat. You cannot punish your cat for scratching with his claws, however you can provide your cat with a place to scratch that is acceptable for both you and your cat which will re-enforce desirable behaviour. Here are some examples: Either purchase a scratching post or build your own using carpet samples and wo ...
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Understanding Learning - 1,065 words
... it is encoded (this means that memory traces are made). Then, the information can be stored in the memory and later retrieved. The three memory components are sensory register, Short-term memory, and long-term memory. Our sensory registers are like a video camera, they pick up information as it is happening. Short-term memory can be likened to the cable that carries the information from the camera to the video tape. Our short-term memory can hold only a limited amount of information for a limited amount of time. The last of the components, long-term memory, can be compared to the video tape. The video tape stores the information picked up by the camera, and carried by the cable, for an ...
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History Of Social Thought - 1,614 words
On October 27, 1994, Susan Smith watched her burgundy Mazda Protege roll into the watery depths of John D. Long Lake carrying her two sons, Michael, 3, and his 14-month-old brother, Alexander Henderson and Fields 1995). One can only wonder what could have caused a mother to intentionally murder her two beautiful baby boys. The motive seemed to be that Susan Smiths wealthy boyfriend did not want the children. She also stated in her handwritten confession that she knew he would never love her (Smith 1994). I can only speculate that she meant he would never love her as long as she had children. However, I believe that Susan must have been deeply disturbed to commit such a horrible In order to b ...
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