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Free research essays on topics related to: pope urban

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  • The Speech Of Pope Urban Ii According To Robert Of Rheims - 539 words
    Urbans concept of crusading is defined, according to Robert of Rheims, as getting revenge on those who have killed and sinned. We learn that the themes used to incite war-fever were those that were against the Christian faith and violence, as seen in The First Crusade-Chapter I Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont, November 27th 1095 #2. The attitude toward Non- Christians was negative, as we learn later. The Pope mentions plenty of incentives to incite this war-fever. There were plenty of themes used to incite war-fever among the Christians. The Persians came to Jerusalem and killed millions of Christians, as the Pope states. The Persians captured the Christians and tortured them severe ...
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  • Crusades - 938 words
    After the death of Charlemagne, king of the Franks, in 814 and the following collapse of his empire, Christian Europe was under attack and on the defensive. The Magyars, nomadic people from Asia, ravaged eastern and central Europe until the 10th century. Around 800, several centuries of Viking raids disrupted life in northern Europe and even threatened Mediterranean cities. Nevertheless, the greatest threat came from the forces of Islam, very militant and victorious in the centuries following the death of their leader, Muhammad, in 632. By the eighth century Islamic forces had conquered North Africa, the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, and most of Spain. Islamic armies established bases ...
    Free research essays on topics related to: crusades, first crusade, second crusade, central europe, different forms
  • Crusades - 1,943 words
    In the year of our lord 1095, Pope Urban II started what we know as the Holy Wars or the Crusades. Over the period from 1095-1464, a series of military expeditions were fought to take back the Holy Land, Jerusalem, from the Seldjuk Turks. There were eight crusades which were spurred for many different reasons by many different people that left a lasting effect to the world. These years of bloodshed were led by men of power to bring money, greed, and fame to themselves at the expense of others. Although it brought a lasting uneasiness between the two religions, but trade with the East increased and feudalism became scarce. The crusaders failed to regain the Holy Land, but the Eastern connecti ...
    Free research essays on topics related to: crusades, first crusade, second crusade, holy roman empire, middle ages
  • Revolutions - 829 words
    Revolution can be defined as radical or rapid change. Revolutions, whether called by that name or not have greatly changed the world. Three revolutions prior to 1700 were the Enlightenment, the Crusades, and the Renaissance. The enlightenment was a movement that sought to shine the light of reason on traditional ideas about government and society. During the Enlightenment, sometimes called the Age of Reason, thinkers fought against superstition, ignorance, intolerance, and tyranny. Enlightenment thinkers promoted goals of material well-being, social justice, and worldly happiness. Their ideas about government and society stood in sharp contrast to the old principles of divine right rule, a r ...
    Free research essays on topics related to: middle ages, byzantine empire, positive effects, sculpture, asia
  • St Catherine Of Sienna - 1,603 words
    Saint Catherine, originally named Caterina Benincasa, was born in Siena, a city in west-central Italy south of Florence. She was born on March 25, 1347, the feast of the Annunciation. She had a twin sister who did not live long after her birth. Catherine was the youngest of twenty-five children. Her father, Giacomo Benincasa, was a wealthy dyer. He lived with his wife Lupa, the daughter of a then famous poet, in a spacious house which is still standing today. Catherine is described as having been a happy child. She learned to read at an early age, although she could not write until she became an adult. Catherine led an extremely pious childhood, devoted to prayer and penance, despite her par ...
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  • The Crusades - 983 words
    Though the causes of the crusades can easily be distinguished the one cause can not be effectively since there is always something that will contradict it. The crusades took place because of the rivalry as well as the clash of cultures between the Catholic Church and the Muslims, they both wanted power, the crusaders wanted more land, and more wealth and both parties wanted to be closer to the Armageddon. It can easily be determined that there was a rivalry between the Catholics and the Muslims. Reading the view of each other in the 11 century shows that they really didn't get together well. There are many reasons for this understatement. First their religions were essentially the same thing ...
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  • The Effect Of One Tribe On An Entire Nation - 811 words
    The Roman Catholic Church is a foundation of medieval European culture. However, certain people also had influential effects. These included Pope Urban II, Walter the Penniless, and Peter the Hermit. Everyone in Europe belonged to the Roman Catholic Church except Arabs, Jews, and the people of the Byzantine Empire. The position of Pope had great responsibility. The Pope had more power and wealth than any king or noble. However, most of the power of the church came from the excommunication. Anyone who had committed an offense against the church was expelled from it. Also, Christians were forbidden contact with anyone excommunicated, even if they were family. One show of the vast power held by ...
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  • Urban And The Council Of Clermont - 835 words
    There are many accounts of that day in November, 1095. Some were written by monks, others by bishops, and even a few by warriors themselves. Historians are constantly asking, "What exactly did Pope Urban II say at the council of Clermont to persuade Christians to set forth on such a difficult venture as the Crusades?" One man, an early 12th century cleric named Fulcher of Chartres wrote perhaps the best historical chronicle of the events at Clermont and the speech of Urban II. Fulcher begins his account with a prologue that states how blessed the journeymen of the Crusades were to take up such a conquest. He follows this by speaking on the Council of Clermont. Fulcher describes Pope Urban II ...
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  • The Black Death - 515 words
    The Black Death was a bacterium which was carried by flea infested rats. This disaster spread across Europe quite rapidly. Much accusation for the cause of the plague was pressed onto the Jewish community. The most common plague was the bubonic plague, although the pneumatic plague also existed. This disaster caused economic, social, political and cultural havoc. Approximately 50% of the infested population died, which, was estimated between 19 to 38 million. During this occurrence 25 to 50 percent of the population throughout Europe decreased. The plague began around 1347 and did not end until around 1369. What major problems did European states face in the fourteenth century? There was eco ...
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  • Failure Of The Crusader States - 1,078 words
    Within the course of that paper, I will explore one of the most interesting religious and military phenomena of the worlds history the Crusades, or Holy Wars. The common knowledge about the Crusades and Crusaders mostly is presented from the Christian point of view, where the Arabic world is viewed as evil and wrong, and the Crusaders are shown as the noble knights fighting for the just cause. However, the interpretation of the Crusades certainly depends on a lot of factors, and the representatives of the Arabic world definitely had different opinions about the Crusades than Europeans did. The goal of that paper is to find five the most important reasons for failure of the Crusader states, a ...
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