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How Can Domestic Violence Be Explained - 1,330 words
... milies who are prone to domestic violence, it cannot be possible to rely solely on stresses as an explanation of abuse. Most social-economic/socio-demographically stressed men do not abuse their partners. Another explanation of domestic violence that has been much researched and documented is that of learned behaviour which is sometimes known as the cycle of violence. These well-documented studies show that domestic violence may occur when a child has been exposed to, witnessed or experienced domestic violence in their family origin. One such study carried out by Strauss et al (1979) found that there was a clear trend for violence in childhood to produce violence in adult life; Violence ...
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Battle Of El Almain - 1,645 words
The Battle of El Alamein in late 1942 was the decisive battle of the North African campaign that lasted from 1940 until 1943. El Alamein was located 70 miles west of the main Egyptian port of Alexandria and could not be outflanked because movement of vehicles was restricted to a corridor of 40 miles between the sea and the impassable Quattara depression. Although the 8th Army had overwhelming superiority in men, tanks, guns and aircraft and could not have lost the battle the prospect of a clear cut and decisive victory hung in the balance for eleven days. The North African campaign opened at the end of 1940 when General Wavell launched a successful offensive against the Italians. The Germans ...
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Economics - 1,985 words
Trade and investmentAustralia's export structures have changed considerably over the past 15 years. Although trade in commodities remains strong, new services and sophisticated manufacturing export markets have emerged.Merchandise exports were valued at $86 billion in 1998-99. During the same year, Australian exports of services totalled $26 billion. Exports recorded seven per cent average annual growth in the five years to 1998-99. They now account for 20 per cent of GDP, compared with around 15 per cent in the mid-1980s.Japan remains Australia's largest single export market, buying one-fifth of total merchandise exports. The United States and Korea each account for eight per cent of export ...
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Economics - 1,921 words
... ernational efforts to address regional and global environmental problems. Australia advocates the adoption of imaginative, effective, and flexible initiatives to meet these problems, recognising that global action must be equitable and practicable. For these reasons, for example, the Australian Government advocates differential national greenhouse gas emission targets, rejecting flat-rate target approaches that would ignore the reality of differing national economic circumstances and which would actually be more costly.Australia has also played a major role in the development of international regimes to prevent the proliferation of missiles and of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons ...
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Workforce - 823 words
Topic : What are the advantages and disadvantages in spending time in the workforce before embarking upon tertiary education? There are some major choices to be made at the end of compulsory school, in other words, it is needed for the students who finish their compulsory education to decide on the course whether or not to stay at school after graduation. According to Schools council (1995, p.1), Three out of four young stay at school until Year 12 and two out of three go on to further education. On the other hand, based on a sample of students from New South Wales questioned in 1992, only six per cent planned to leave school before Year 12. It is clear that most students stay in education t ...
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International Business - 1,946 words
Environmental Forces In the business market there is so much competition that companies sell outside the country to increase sales. Increasing internationalization of business is requiring managers to have a global business perspective and an understanding of the differences in the environmental forces of the markets in which they operate. Decision making in the international environment is more complex and having an understanding of the external environmental forces enables international managers to be alerted to new opportunities. External forces are commonly called uncontrollable forces. Although managers have no direct control over external forces, knowledge of these forces will better p ...
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Vietnam War's Impact On Australias Relationship With The World - 1,079 words
The Vietnam War had great political impact and led to deep division within Australian society. The Australian people were forced to take the issues about the Cold War, Vietnam and the arms race seriously because of Australias military involvement in Vietnam from 1962 to 1972. As a result, our fear of communism and of Asia increased dramatically. Australia, occupying a large mass of land, yet having a small population had always lived in the belief that they were threatened some way by the foreign powers and this led to the formation of The White Australia Policy, which was set up in 1901. This policy clearly reflects the enormous fear of threats from the Asian countries. Another major belief ...
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Aboriginal Customary Laws And Australian Contemporary Laws - 582 words
Aboriginal customary laws, before white settlement in 1788, were considered primitive by the British, if considered at all. But Aboriginal laws and customs had lasted hundreds of years, based on traditions such as kinship ties and rituals. These laws were formed by ancestors, spirits, and Aboriginal beliefs, and were passed down the generations by word-of-mouth instead of written down. Being over 500 tribes (each with it's own clans) in Australia at one point, there were many variations to their guidelines, customised to each area of the land. Although the laws varied throughout the ages, this way of life remained until white settlement. The roots of Australian laws are similar to traditiona ...
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Globalisation Must Be Stopped - 1,295 words
As we progress into the future, the reality of globalisation comes nearer especially in the aspect of economics. It is said to benefit everyone including the wealthy but, is that necessarily true? If economic globalisation occurs then cultural, political and technological globalisation will follow. What religion would we all have to be in? What political system do we have to be under? What about those people who are uneducated or not very educated, with little knowledge of technology? If everything were to become globalised there would be no individualism, no identity and no nationalism. There would be no you! Globalisation must be stopped. I am sure that you know that globalisation can be d ...
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Dead Heart - Representation Of White Australian & Aboriginal Law - 661 words
The movie Dead Heart uses the background of a murder mystery to further explore this complex issue of Aboriginal culture and traditions and the inevitable clash that results when white Australians try to impose their own system of beliefs, values and history upon Aboriginal people. The film is set in the small aboriginal community of Wala Wala, in remote outback Australia, in which lies the significance of the title of the film. A Local town cop by the name of Ray Lorkin tries to maintain some bearing of peace and harmony between two cultures that are essentially at odds with one another. Simmering racial tensions explode in the community when a young aboriginal labourer seduces a teacher's ...
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Key Economic Tools - 808 words
What economic tools does the government use to manage the economy and carry out economic functions? Outline how the government carries out these functions and discuss some of the constraints the government faces in performing these functions." The government performs many different tasks and functions in the economy and management of the economy. The government has a variety of tools, which are used in the management of the economy, but along with these tools, constraints are often placed on the government. One of the main economic functions of governments is the reallocation of resources. The government largely uses taxation and expenditure to affect resource allocation. If the government s ...
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Australian Exchange Rate - 1,628 words
What factors affect the demand and supply of Australian dollars in the foreign exchange markets? Distinguish between the possible causes and effects of a currency depreciation and a currency appreciation on the Australian economy. What forces have come into play, if any, in the past four months that have affected the value of the Australian dollar? Exchange Rate: The rate at which one unit of domestic currency is exchanged for a given amount of foreign currency A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR Until 1971, the Australian dollar (AUD) was pegged to the British pound. This meant that the AUD rose or fell in line with the pound. In 1971, the AUD became pegged to the US dollar instead. Th ...
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The Role Of Marketing In Telstra International - 1,108 words
... therefore has a range of international investments. Movements in the Australian dollar against other countries could affect operating revenues dramatically. To counter strike this, Telstra swaps foreign currency borrowings into Australian dollar equivalents. Occasionally there are exceptions however this method has proven to remove the foreign exchange risk. 5.1.2 Economic Developments Telstra is dependant on the general economic conditions in Australia, including levels of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Interest Rates and Inflation. A significant determination in these conditions could adversely affect the business activities and the results of operations. 5.2 Political Influences 5.2.1 ...
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How Australia Reacted To The Threat Of Communism - 1,233 words
The threat of communism that the Australian government produced is highly debatable issue. Australia was being exposed to Communism, which was spreading south from Russia, through Asia and ultimately to Australia. The domino theory was a key belief in the mind of the public, spreading fear throughout the world. The Liberal party exploited the threat of Communism and the domino theory to help with their election campaign. They attempted to ban the Communist Party from Australian soils. Trade unions and political parties being suspect to communist infiltration, and a possible spy scandal, The Petrov affair added to the exaggerated threat of communism. Australia decided to make alliances with o ...
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An Overview Of Australia's History - 1,204 words
The first Europeans to find Australia were Dutch and Spanish seafarers that arrived in Australia sometime during the 1600-hundreds, but they weren't the first people except the aboriginals who had come to Australia. Chinese sailors had visited it in the 1200-hundreds. The Dutch and Spanish seafarers thought that it was part of an undiscovered continent - "a Great South land". They didn't explore Australia. It was a British seafarer who explored the continent in the late 1700-hundreds. James Cook arrived with his boat, the Endeavour, south of the place where Sydney is now in 1770 and claimed Australia for England. From 1788, the British used Australia as a really, really big prison, where the ...
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The Foreign Policy Of Australia From 1945 To The 1990s - 1,778 words
... k, discovered that a tough peace treaty was not a possibility. The development of the Cold War conditions in Asia and the outbreak of the Korean war lead to the USA reassessing the role of Japan in the post-war world. Japan was to be built up as an effective counter-balance to the spread of communism in Asia. The Australian government thus had to adjust its policy realistically to these changed circumstances, obtain the guarantee of the USA for Australian security through the ANZUS pact and consciously build up friendly relations with post-war Japan. The most significant means of improving the relations between Australia and Japan has been the increased trade between the two countries. I ...
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Studying The Economic Environment - 1,242 words
The economic environment consists of factors that influence the consumers buying power. A consumers buying power will depend on many economic trends such as income, prices, savings and credit. Therefore it is important that marketers become aware of these trends that significantly influence the consumers spending patterns and buying behavior. Arnotts is a multinational company in Australia and many other foreign countries The major threats, opportunities and trends, the economic environment has posed to the marketers of Arnotts, are factors that have had significant impact on the stability of the company. In 2001 Arnotts experienced its most significant threat to the company especially, to i ...
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Contemporary Aboriginal Issues - 1,237 words
Assignment 3- Essay Topic 3: Discuss the political struggle for recognition of indigenous rights to land. In your answer, consider the benefits and limitations of the Native Title Act and recent United Nations criticisms of the current Act. For years we have witnessed the Indigenous population's political struggle for recognition of rights to Australian land. At times the effort appears to be endless and achieving recognition almost seems impossible. Native Title and Land claims have become a step closer in achieving this recognition; however, for land rights to exist in an absolute form, they cannot exist as a mere Act of Parliament but must form a fundamental part of the Australian Constit ...
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Contemporary Aboriginal Issues - 1,138 words
... defined. http://www.faira.org.au/pressreleases/1998/05/29fa ira3.html This creates a serious limitation within the Native Title Act since Indigenous communities would cross over and often share sections of land within Australia. This leads to Native Title negotiations, on whose party should obtain rights to the land. These Land right negotiations can continue for years often slowing down and delaying the process of claiming the right to Native Title over Australian land. This is also a very costly process. According to the High Court, "Native Title can at best only "co exist" with some already existing leases, but this can only be done in a lesser capability. At its worst it can be totall ...
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Australian Union Rules And Courts - 659 words
The Australian Government has announced plans to ratify a new international law to set up an International Criminal Court - a Court that would prosecute the Pinochets and Milosevics of the future. But the US government is refusing to come to the party. They don't want judges from other countries sitting in judgement on their soldiers and politicians. On the other hand, when it comes to trade and commerce, the US has been happy to ask international arbitration bodies to reverse decisions it doesn't like. Some argue the International Criminal Court should 'start without them', and avoid selective prosecution of the enemies of the USA. This week on the Law Report, we canvas the pros and cons of ...
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