Caries - 2,372 words
... d warming of climate where there is an increase in the growth of plant material and plant foods. This change would have promoted a growth in subsistence farming, at the very least. This would have increased the amount of plant carbohydrates and thus there was an increase in the occurrence in evidence of caries. Again in the Mesolithic there is further warming in the surrounding climate to the point where an even greater amount of plant food harvest is attainable for human consumption. Frayer found that for the Mesolithic, there was a negative correlation between rates of caries and latitude. This was the case where skeletal assemblages from northern sites continually show a decrease in c ...
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The Accidental System - 948 words
Healthcare is an expensive and limited resource in the United States of America. Healthcare currently accounts for one-seventh of the economy, approximately 1.3 trillion dollars a year. The government spends about half, 75 million dollars, on programs like Medicare and Medicaid to support the poor and elderly populations. While insurance companies, out-of-pocket expenses, and charities account for the other half of health costs (Markus Nov. 27). Still, there are 43 million people without health insurance, 10 million of which are children. Children and adults in non-western countries enjoy a national health program where everyone is covered by the government. However the quality of healthcare ...
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None Provided - 1,024 words
... his, but it is very much the case. As the field continues to grow the therapists role will continually change with it. Currently the field is focusing on disease management and further diversifying into all areas related to the respiratory genre.(7) The therapist already can do arterial punctures but are beginning to perform venous punctures (which are less risky and most of the time easier anyway), sleep studies, bronchoscopy, Hemodynamic monitoring, Cardiac monitoring, protocols, and much more. All of these skills are currently being taught in the average college level respiratory degree program on various levels. The actual act of doing these new procedures rely on the insight of the ...
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Too Much Medicine For The Wrong Head - 1,507 words
Adolescent depression continues to be a growing American problem since its discovery in the 1970s. How exactly to treat this problem, however, is not a clear issue. For years the psychiatric community felt that psychotherapy was the best way to treat this growing epidemic. However, with the development of antidepressants, most famously Prozac, many people feel the problem is nearing a solution. Many psychiatrists believe these pills can be a quick and effective way to treat suffering adolescents. Many others believe this solution is too quick and too easy to be true. Unqualified personnel are over prescribing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (antidepressants) to children and adolescen ...
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Diagnosis Related Groups - 974 words
... ies to 1, 263. (Edwards, et al, 1994). The DRG developed for use with Medicare has been altered for use with non-Medicare populations. In 1987, the State of New York enacted legislation mandating a PPS for all non-Medicare patients. The State Department of Health was required to assess the appropriateness of HCFA DRGs for a non-Medicare population, including a specific evaluation of the appropriateness for cases involving neonates and patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). When first implemented on January 1, 1988, the New York AP-DRGs expanded the Medicare DRG classification system to include newborn and neonate DRGs based on birth weight and ventilator dependence. In 199 ...
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Speech Health Care - 1,880 words
Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to believe the United States should have a health care insurance program, which eliminates private health insurance. Thesis: The United States needs a national health care insurance program because the development of private health care insurance and the lack of a national plan throughout history have lead to a deficiency in proper health care for many Americans. In the United States costs for health care are being shifted to individuals instead of the government. As professor Allen Jedlicka of UNI states, "The United States is one of the only first world countries that does not have a national health care plan." The United States needs a national he ...
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Hmo - 1,585 words
Congress Asked To Take Action As HMOs Flee Managed * See end of article for an opportunity to comment on * Medicare+Choice, the system that was supposed to * nation's senior citizens, will be lucky if it * next year. Thanks mainly to the increasing cost of * drug benefit, HMOs are exiting the program in * Congress can save Medicare+Choice, experts believe, * have the political will to do so this election year * This is not exactly a bolt out of the blue. Last * organizations chose not to renew their contracts for * reduced service areas, affecting more than 327,000 * 79,000 of whom were left without any Medicare * The previous year, nonrenewals and reductions * beneficiaries -- leaving more ...
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Diagnosis And Treatment Of Depression In The Elderly - 1,183 words
... g interest in the results of cognitive therapy on elderly depressed patients. In addition to the success, the US National Institute of Health consensus conference highlighted the need for continued development in this area (January 1997). The types of psychological treatments used on the elderly are specifically designed for aged persons. The central idea in cognitive therapy is to take the negative self-opinion and teach ways to reverse this opinion. Validation and reminiscence are examples of techniques used to get the patient to reflect on the accomplishments of his or her lifetime. Hopefully, this will bring back some pleasant memories of family or other accomplishments. It also allo ...
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Who Wins Witherisa - 1,373 words
... s insured through her employer which administered United Healthcare as the utilization reviewing agency. Mrs. Corcoran was deemed to have a high-risk pregnancy because of her history with pregnancy-related problems. Taking this into careful consideration, her doctors recommended hospitalization so that the fetus could be monitored as the due date approached, and another obstetrician (who was used for a second opinion) concurred (Pollack). Despite her doctors request, United Healthcare insistently denied the hospitalization, but appointed an in-home nurse to attend Mrs. Corcoran ten hours a day. While the nurse was off duty, the fetus developed complications and died. Mrs. Corcoran and he ...
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Getting Out Of Reach - 813 words
Prescription drug prices are rising much faster than the rate of general consumer inflation. The most heavily affected are those who can least afford it, like older Americans living on fixed incomes, and the working poor with inadequate or no health insurance. The rise in drug prices is causing the public to ask why. The reasons include the immense research costs, consumer advertising and the growth of managed care. The continue rise in prescription drugs costs has touched off intense public debate on how best people can get some relief. Some politicians and consumer groups have pushed for some form of price controls. Drug companies oppose price regulations. They contend it would restrain in ...
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Hmos Failing State Standards - 852 words
New Yorkers may be covered by one of the nation's most comprehensive health consumer protection laws--but insurers routinely flout it, according to a report released yesterday by New York City Public Advocate Mark Green. Posing as prospective clients, Green's investigators called 12 of the region's health maintenance organizations, including some of the largest on Long Island and in Queens, to get information about their complaint records, lists of covered prescription drugs and medical procedures, and policies on confidentiality and experimental treatments. Although New York's new managed care bill of rights requires health plans to provide the information to both members and potential memb ...
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Healthcare Managing Change - 1,910 words
... through their jobs. Employers used to buy the insurance from a third party, typically the local Blue Cross/Blue Shield not-for-profit plan. Recently the Blues have lost ground to more aggressive for-profit insurers. But their strongest competitor is now employers themselves, stung by rising health-care costs and the state authorities' burdensome regulation of the insurance industry. Federal law allows employers who "self-insure" (usually through an arm's-length intermediary) to escape state regulation. Over half of America's biggest employers have now made the switch, in effect paying their workers' medical bills themselves. The other main insurer in America is the government. The old a ...
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Millenium Bug - 1,437 words
... ? Possibly . . . but I still don't believe so. Could it reduce the workload by 30%? Quite likely." Tools are available, but are only tools, not cures or quick fixes. How will this affect society and the industry in 2000? How stable will software design companies be as more and more competitors offer huge "incentives" for people to "jump ship" and come work for them on their problems!? Cash flow problems will put people out of business. Computer programmers will make big bucks from now until 2000, as demand increases for their expertise. What about liability issues that arise because company "A" reneged on a deal because of a computer glitch. Sue! Sue! Sue! What about ATM lockups, or cred ...
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Euthansia - 1,379 words
Euthanasia is often called mercy killing. It is intentionally making someone die, rather than allowing that person to die naturally. It is sometimes the act of ending someones life, who is terminally ill, or is suffering in severe pain. Euthanasia is mostly illegal in the world today. Euthanasia can be considered a form of suicide, if the person afflicted with the problem actively does it. The person volunteering to commit the act to that person can also consider it a form of murder. The positive side of Euthanasia is that it ends a persons suffering in this world. Many physicians and psychiatrists believe that it may a humane act. From a virtue ethics point of view, it may be appropriate. W ...
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Foundational Support For The Infrastructure Of My Success In Speech Pathology And In Nursing - 1,230 words
In todays society, achieving a higher education degree in a college or university is a crucial and vital element in determining success for the future. Furthermore, upon progressing through a college degree, a major decision has to be implemented into effect. Certain queries have to be addressed in regards to the decision process before any action is put forth, which eventually we come to accept it as right and natural that we ourselves be evaluated on financial performance and motivated by financial incentives (Brown 17) . A major must be selected that will not only benefit you with outstanding salaries, but also provide you with a general delight into an occupation that an individual will ...
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Management Seminar On Managed Health Care And Technology - 1,185 words
Of the approximately 260 million people currently living in the United States of America, every one of them has a need for effective, affordable and accessible health care coverage and services. Within the past thirty to forty years, the scope and cost of health care coverage and services has drastically changed, Altering the manner in which health care was previously managed.There are several factors that have affected the cost of healthcare coverage over the past two to three decades.One of these factors is the introduction and rapidly increasing enrollment by people in managed health care insurance plans. Managed health care insurance plans cans help to alleviate the rising costs of effec ...
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Management Seminar On Managed Health Care And Technology - 1,191 words
... ies that include chemotherapy have also contributed to rising health care costs. One field of medical practice which has become notorious for being costs-increasing is the study and treatment of heart attacks. In the treatment of heart attacks the prime cost-increasing technologies like the introduction of intracoronary infusions and coronary bypass surgery. A study using Medicare claims from 1994 to 1999, report a four percent annual increase in the average reimbursement for treating elderly heart attack patients. They causedthe majority of this increase to the diffusion of new technologies for performing revascularization procedures. Over the period of the study procedures such as card ...
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Causes Of Homelessness In America - 1,595 words
Homelessness is an ongoing problem for our society. Everyday we come to terms with the effects of it, but what about the causes? By definition, a person who is homeless lives in public. The lack and destruction of federal housing programs and increasing rents forced those who are homeless to do in public what everyone prefers to do in private. According to the website, National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty, the Low Income Housing Information Service estimates that there are twice as many low-income families searching for housing as there are units available, many of which are waiting on Section 8 housing, a list that could take up to six years or more. The H.U.D Report, the Departm ...
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Impact Of Restructuration On Nurses Working Conditions - 1,573 words
The world health care sector, as the industrialized organizations, has undergone dramatic restructuring and downsizing during the past decades, which incurred serious changes of conditions in which nurses deliver healthcare. As human resources management strategies seemed to have had a positive effect on the similar problems beard by other industries, it appears that the public healthcare sector as failed to endeavor in the same way and is still struggling to design and implement effective schemes. This issue is becoming more and more urgent. Indeed, as governments focus on improving quality and cost effectiveness of patient care, the public healthcare sector has fallen into a vicious circle ...
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Harvard Business School Case: Smithkline Beecham - 1,595 words
Corporate strategy. Scope, Scale,5 forces, SWOT, Direction, long term, Competitive advantages, Stakeholders 1.Direction The first key concept of strategy is the direction the company wants to follow. The direction of SmithKline Beecham clearly adjusts in order to cope with the increasing competition in the pharmaceutical industry. In 1989, SmithKline Beecham was formed out of a merger of SmithKline Beckman and the Beecham Group. Five years later, the Annual Report Chief Executive Leschly wrote: "Through a series of strategic acquisitions and disposals, SB made progress in its transformation from a company made up of four successful, but separate, businesses into a unified organisation focuse ...
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