Queen Liz - 1,644 words
A QUEEN ADORED: ENGLAND'S ELIZABETH II Countess of Longford, Elizabeth Pakenham, was born in London England in 1906. She attended Lady Margaret Hall and Oxford University where she studied classical history and philosophy. She later married Oxford professor and politician, the seventh Earl of Longford in 1931, with whom she had eight children. She worked as a tutor from 1930-36 in the Worker's Educational Association, and was a member of the Paddington and St. Pomcras Rent Tribunal from 1946-51. She was also a Labour party candidate for Cheltenham, and later for the City of Oxford. After both campaigns proved unsuccessful, Longford began her career as a writer in 1954, where she concentrated ...
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William Wallace The True Story - 1,802 words
For generations, William Wallace has been a hero to Scotland and a patron of freedom. After Mel Gibsons portrayal of Wallace in the award winning movie, Braveheart, there was a dramatic rise in the popularity and recognition of the Scottish hero. The story of William Wallace has been passed down through many different generations. These generations include people of English, Scottish, and Irish decent, a few among many. All of these different cultures have passed down different versions of stories and records about William Wallace. Since there are many different stories about the same man, historians and scholars find it difficult to determine the actual truth about William Wallace and his p ...
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Henry Viii - 951 words
Shakespeare Richard III was a traitor, a murderer, a tyrant, and a hypocrite. The leading characteristics of his mind are scorn, sarcasm, and an overwhelming contempt. It appears that the contempt for his victims rather than active hatred or cruelty was the motive for murdering them. Upon meeting him he sounds the keynote to his whole character. " I, that am curtailed of this proportion, cheated of feature by dissembling nature, Deform'd, unfinish'd sent before my time Into this word scarce half made up"( 1.1.20-23) The first scene of the play begins with a soliloquy, which emphasizes Richard's physical isolation as he appears alone as he speaks to is audience. The idea of physical isolation ...
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The Tower Of London - 1,596 words
The Tower of London has been many things over the years such as a fortress, a state prison, a zoo, an armory, repository for the crown jewels, a home for Tudor monarchs, and today a museum. Inside the tower walls has been the last sight for many of its prisoners. Although there were some prisoners that have escaped the tower walls and fled to neighboring countries. William the Conqueror invaded England in 1066 defeating Harold II. Duke William of Normandy built on to the existing castle in 1078. He then ordered the construction of what is now called the White Tower. It is said to have been completed in 1097. It is called the White tower ever since Henry VIII had it whitewashed. The Tower is ...
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Views On The British Empire - 500 words
There are several attitudes towards the empire expressed in the music and visual material provided. The key attitude of the British toward the Empire is patriotism, which naturally is followed by pride, then in turn developed in self-righteousness and ego. The strong sense of patriotism grew when the British power provided peace and wealth. Days of plenty and years of peace; March of a strong lands swift increase; as Henry H. Bennett wrote in The Flag Goes By. Citizens were brought up in an environment that taught them to love Britain. The Empire-day Catechism of League of the Empire, informed the duties of a British citizen: To be the loyal friend of all fellow subjects of the King-EmperorK ...
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Castles Of Wales - 1,526 words
Chepstow which is a Norman castle was constructed beginning in 1067. This was less than a year after the new king, William the Conqueror, was crowned. It was built high over the river Wye in Southeast Wales. The Normans werent the first to realize the strategic value of this position. We know this because the arch above the main doorway into the hall was built by bricks taken from a Roman fort that used to stand close by. This position was an advantage partly because it allowed allies to bring supplies to the castle during times of battle and siege. They brought these supplies through the river. All through the Middle Ages Chepstow remained the center of the military and also administrative ...
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Protestant Reformation - 2,161 words
... ng church and state in terms of reform created an international following and gave the Reformed churches, as Protestantism was called in Switzerland, France, and Scotland, a thoroughly Calvinistic stamp, both in theology and organization. France The Reformation in France was initiated early in the 16th century by a group of mystics and humanists that gathered at Meaux near Paris under the leadership of Lefvre d'taples. Like Luther, Lefvre d'taples studied the Epistles of St. Paul and derived from them a belief in justification by individual faith alone; he also denied the doctrine of transubstantiation. In 1523, he translated the entire New Testament into French. At first his writings we ...
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Summary British History - 1,484 words
Britain is an Island and its history has been closely connected to the sea. The seas saved Britain from danger. Strong national sense have been developed by the sea. Britain has not always been an island. The ice age wasnt one cold period. Our first evidence of human life is a few stone tools, dating from 250.000 BC. Britain was hardly habitable until another milder period around 50.000 BC. During this period, a new type of human seemed to have arrived. They look similar to normal people, but they were smaller and had a life span of only thirty years. Around 10.000 BC Britain was peopled by groups of hunters, gatherers and fishers. Around 5.000 BC, Britain has become an island. The first pe ...
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Summary British History - 1,497 words
... o invade England and closed every church in England. Finally in 1214 John gave in. In 1215 John hoped to recapture Normandy, but his nobles lost their trust in him and did not want to fight. Magna Carta and the decline of feudalism John was forced to sign a new agreement called magna carta. This promised protection for all freemen. It was not for the entire population, because the nobles only thought for themselves. Magna Carta was recognized by every king after John and was used until the sixteenth century. Chapter 5 The power of the kings of England Johns reign marked the end of the struggle between Church and state. This struggle was for both power and money. The Church wanted the kin ...
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Jrr Tolkien - 999 words
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was the first son and first child of Arthur Reuel Tolkien and Mabel Suffield Tolkien. Arthur Tolkien was a banker by profession, first with Lloyds Bank, and then, when promotions and advancement came too slowly for a man who wanted to raise a family, with the Bank of Africa in Bloemfontein, South Africa. His family was German by descent and had been piano manufacturers in Bloemfontein until Arthur's father went bankrupt. The Tolkiens had always been solid members of the middle class in earlier years, but by the time that young J.R.R. Tolkien was born they were well in debt. J.R.R. Tolkien was born on January 3, 1892 and his brother, Hillary Arthur Reuel Tolkien, was ...
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The Early History Of Sheep And Wool - 1,643 words
The Early History of Sheep and Wool The history of the sheep industry began in Central Asia about 10,000 years ago. It's the nature of sheep to flock together. Early man could take sheep in his travels, because they are efficient grazers, and able to survive on sparse vegetation. Man had discovered the value of the sheep as a two product animal even then. It could provide two of life's essentials, meat and milk for food, and hides for clothing and shelter. The earliest sheep producers used the fleece as a kind of tunic. It wasn't until 3500 BC that man learned to spin wool. (Channing 110) Sheep helped make the spread of civilization possible. Once man had discovered the warmth and usefulness ...
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Ap Euro - 1,348 words
1. Edward, the object of this unprecedented gathering of nations, was often called the Uncle of Europe, a title which, insofar as Europes ruling houses were meant, could be taken literally. 2. Envy of the other nations gnawed at him. He complained to Theodore Roosevelt that the English nobility on continental tours never visited Berlin but always France. 3. Next Morning, in the procession, where for once he couldnt talk, Williams behavior was exemplary. He kept his horse reined in... Chapter II: Let the last man on the right brush the channel with his sleeve. 1. A neutral and independent Belgium was the creation of England, or rather of Tuchman, Barbara. The Guns of August. New York: Baltimo ...
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The Middle Ages - 745 words
In general society, it was believed that the peasants had few rights, often imposed harsh and unfair taxes on them. This has affected the king because he would get more money by collecting the taxes the peasants are paying to him. A revolt called the Jacquerie broke out. It was named after Jacques Bonhomme (good fellow), a happy agricultural worker. Peasants went on a rampage with crowds sweeping through the countryside. They blame the mobility for all the problems of society and for the misery in general. Urban worker, craftsmen, small businessmen and parish priests also joined in the revolt. Thousands were mercilessly killed, the innocent along with the guilty. The King wont get pay for th ...
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Freedom - 959 words
Freedom is something not what a lot of people can have. Sometimes people have to fight for it and some die in the process. Freedom is the reason of why a lot of wars start. People have been fighting for freedom for a long time. The word freedom means: being free; independence; honorary citizenship. There are many different types of freedom, but they all mean the same thing in one way or another. Some of the different types of freedom are freedom of information act, freedom from slavery, freedom of thought, freedom of speech, and freedom of expression. Sometimes you have freedom without knowing that you have and sometimes you think you have it but in reality you don't have it because some bod ...
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Analysis Of The Hundred Year War - 1,070 words
... he long day's march and because of an earlier rainstorm, their crossbow strings were loose. The English's longbow proved to be too much for the Genoese, so they dropped the crossbows and began to run. King Philip was so outraged at the Genoese actions, he had his men-at-arms kill many of them. At one point during this battle, the French came across a group of English knights led by the Black Prince, the son of Edward III, dismounted from their horses and not prepared for battle. As Edward III heard of his son's misfortune, he ordered no aid be sent to him and his men. This was to be his day. Slowly, pieces of the French army began to flee, while the English army stood strong. England had ...
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Richard Ii Vs Lear Ii - 1,734 words
From the very opening of the play when Richard III enters "solus", the protagonist's isolation is made clear. Richard's isolation progresses as he separates himself from the other characters and breaks the natural bonds between Man and nature through his efforts to gain power. The first scene of the play begins with a soliloquy, which emphasizes Richard's physical isolation as he appears alone as he speaks to the audience. This idea of physical isolation is heightened by his references to his deformity, such as "rudely stamp'd...Cheated of feature by Dissembling Nature, deformed, unfinished. This deformity would be an outward indication to the audience of the disharmony from Nature and vicio ...
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Winston Churchill - 1,707 words
... written in our century, an inexhaustible mine of political wisdom and understanding." As Churchill studied his forebear's work in building and maintaining an alliance against the French king Louis XIV in the early 18th century, he turned his attention to current politics and became one of the most forceful and steady critics of the government. He organized opposition to the plan to grant self-government to India, an unpopular stance at a time when the British people wanted relief from the weight of the empire. Later, he concentrated his efforts on opposing the dangerous rise of German military power under the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler. Because most Britons, as well as the government, w ...
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Crusader Castles: A Medieval Culmination - 1,636 words
King Edward I of England made a number of military campaigns during his reign, in two of which he captured modern-day Wales. In order to hold his gains he built a series of castles, which are said to still be some of the world's greatest strongholds. But, over 3500 kilometres away a period of fascinating castle building took place prior to Edward's as a result of the crusades. These constructions were designed by absorbing the constructive wisdom of the crusaders and those they came into contact with. The crusader castles were built faster, larger, and stronger, to create what are without a doubt, the world's greatest strongholds. The crusaders designed their castles to provide the essential ...
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British Monarchy - 3,035 words
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has one of the oldest intuitions that are the British Monarchy. With in the rich history of the British Monarchy there have been great People who have Influence the monarchy and the people of the Island nation of Great Britain. Some significant individuals that have changed the British Monarchy the most were not born in to the job. Some of these historic individuals are George VI who Became King when his elder brother Edward VII abdicated in 1936. Diana, Princess of Wales married into the intuition. While other were born to stand on the sidelines and watch their brother or sister be the monarch, while trying to find some thing appropri ...
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Richard The Third - 1,043 words
ter> "What qualities of character did Richard III have that enabled him to ascend the throne?" Name and show these characteristics in action in the play Richard III. Also: "Richard III is a consummate villain". Show that his summation of Richard's character is true. To achieve goals, in one's life, one must be determined and must have certain characteristics that reciprocate to one's goals. In the play Richard III, Richard III's goal is to ascend the throne. There are two ways that one can claim the throne, by birthright, or by might. Since Richard III cannot claim the throne by right he must therefore take it by might. To accomplish this goal Richard Duke of Gloucester must be determined t ...
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