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Incas - 454 words
The vast Inca empire, with its advanced culture and powerful armies, spanned most of the Andes along South America's western coast at the time of Spanish conquest in the early 16th century. The Incas had a very clear social structure. The ruler, Sapa Inca, and his wives, the Coyas, had supreme control over the empire. The High Priest and the Army Commander in Chief were next. Then came the Four Apus, the regional army commanders. Next came temple priests, architects, administrators and army generals. Next were artisans, musicians, army captains and the quipucamayoc, the Incan "accountants." At the bottom were sorcerers, farmers, herding families and conscripts. WHO THE INCAS WERE The 16th-ce ...
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Bolivia - 1,913 words
Geography Bolivia is bounded on the north and east by Brazil, on the southeast by Paraguay, on the south by Argentina, and on the west by Chile and Peru. Bolivia, along with Paraguay, is the only South American country without direct access to the sea. Going in the northern-southern direction the maximum length of Bolivia is about 1530km (about 950 mi); its width, in an eastern-western direction, is about 1450 km (about 900 mi). The area is 1,098,581 sq. km (about 424,165 sq. mi), making it only fifth in size (after Brazil, Argentina, Peru, and Colombia) of all South American countries. Land The main physical feature of Bolivia is the Andes Mountains, which extend north to south across the w ...
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Machu Picchu - 1,813 words
M A C H U P I C C H U E X A M I N E D High in the Peruvian Andes are ancient ruins located near the headwaters of the Amazon River. In recent years, these ruins have seen an increase in tourist visitations. So what has caused the increase of people to a remote area in the eastern Andes above the Rio Urubamba? It is Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu the city built by the Inca during the 1400s, was brought to the worlds attention by Hiram Bingham. This site contains numerous interesting objects the skillful Inca constructed from stone. After taking into account what is at Machu Picchu, one can see what lures hordes of individuals to this lost city in the mountains. Machu Picchu was built after Pachac ...
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Empire Of Peru - 1,444 words
The empire of the Incas was a great, although brief, period in Peru's colorful past. There were many differing tribes that inhabited the land pre-Inca empire. However, the last of the people to inhabit Peru (pre-Spanish Invasion) constructed a vast empire that homogenized the tribes, and replaced the differences with a highly developed kind of welfare state. The Wari, Chankas, and Chan Chan are just a few of the other peoples that had populated Peru at various times. It would be a difficult task to list the many tribes that existed in ancient Peru, seeing as how none of them kept any written records. This is due to the fact that a written language didn't even exist in Peru until the invasion ...
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The Incas - 1,811 words
The Inca were South American Indian people who ruled one of the largest and richest empires in the America's. The Inca Empire began to expand about 1438 and occupied a vast region that centered on the capital, Cusco, in southern Peru. The Empire extended more than 2,500 miles (4,020 kilometers) along the western coast of South America. It included parts of Present - Day Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. The Inca Empire was conquered by Spanish Forces soon after their arrival in 1532. Inca emperors ruled their far - reaching territory through a complex political system. The Inca took over many areas by military force. Their political system kept a balance between the cen ...
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Brazil And Andean Highlands - 1,065 words
The similarities between the societies found in Brazil and those found in the Andean Highlands are relatively few. The Andean Highland dwellers were mostly Incas, found in greatest numbers in Peru. The inhabitants of Brazil were mainly concentrated around the Amazon River Basin area. The Andean Highland people consisted in large part of the Inca civilization (the name of the ruling family, not an ethnicity). However, the geographic location of these societies is not the only disparity that exist between these groups of people. Perhaps the most striking of the differences is the characteristics of these societies and the advancements, or lack of, that where achieved in each. With each group h ...
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