Air Power And The Gulf War - 1,793 words
An acknowledged aerospace historian, Mr. Richard P. Hallion is an associate for the Smithsonian Institution employed in the research division. A former Charles A. Lindbergh Professor of Aerospace History, Mr. Hallion has written or edited thirteen other books, including The Wright Brothers: Heirs of Prometheus (1978), Test Pilots: The Frontiersmen of Flight (1988), and The History of Battlefield Air Attack, 1911-1945 (1989), while professor at the Army War College. Mr. Hallion writes Storm over Iraq from an academic perspective, using military history and the ascendancy of air power as the focus point for his book. Mr. Richard P. Hallion's Storm over Iraq opens with the origins of air power ...
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The Gulf War - 331 words
The Persian Gulf war was launched on January 6, 1991, after international diplomatic efforts and sanctions had failed to force Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, which was ilegally invaded on August 2, 1990, by the january 15th deadline set by the united nations. The 31-nation military moved against Iraq, commanded by U.S. general H. Norman Schwarzkopf, included forces from the United States, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Britain, Syria, and France. Japan, Germany, and others aided the war effort financially. The war, code-named Desert Storm, began as a massive air strike carried out on key Iraqi military targets. The allies quickly gained air superiority; many Iraqi planes were flown to Iraq because it w ...
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Gulf War Syndrome Vaccinations - 879 words
During Operation Desert Shield Desert Storm other service-members including myself, received a series of two shots. We were told to protect us from anthrax. These inoculations were never recorded in our medical records. We were even told by the medical staff that these shots were experimental and non-FDA approved. For several years now the government have been trying to explain or cover-up the truth of The Gulf War Syndrome. The inoculations that veterans received for anthrax are linked with the symptoms of The Gulf War Syndrome. This past April I was reading an article in the Seattle Times. Our representative the Honorable Mr. Jack Metcalf was reported on releasing information that showed ...
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Battle Of Vella Gulf - 604 words
On the night of 6 August 1943 between the islands of Valle Lavella and Kolombangara, six Navy destroyers the DUNLAP (DD 394), CRAVEN (DD 392), MAURY (DD 401), LANG (DD 399), STERTT (DD 407), and STACK (DD 406) changed the tactical role of destroyers forever. These ship, in the battle of Vella Gulf, were the first destroyers allowed to operate independent during a campaign. He will win who knows how to handle both superior and inferior forces, says Sun Tuz (1). The victory at Vella Gulf proved this theory that, an inferior force with innovative leaders, high technique weapon, and the element of surprise can make a difference in a battle. Vella Gulf was important because for the first time, Am ...
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Gulf War Syndrome - 1,511 words
In 1990 the United States deployed 700,000 soldiers into and around the region of the middle east known as the Persian Gulf. The U.S. wanted to stop the progression of Iraqi forces who were invading the oil-rich neighboring country of Kuwait. When Iraq Surrendered to the Allied forces on March 5th they had been completely swept out of Kuwait. The United States only lost one-hundred-forty-eight men while Iraq's losses where estimated around 100,000 men. Little did the United States know that the effects of this war effects would be much more extensive than one-hundred-forty-eight soldiers lost in battle. Ever since the war ended the Veteran Association and the Pentagon have been getting repor ...
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Gulf War - 1,144 words
I. Introduction - Why did a coalition of over 30 nations find it was necessary to go to war to help Kuwait after it was invaded by Iraq? How did the coalition defeat the Iraqis? And although the coalition won there were many consequences to face when the war ended. II. Reasons for war a. Saddam Hussein b. Iraqs Economic Crisis c. Oil d. Disputes over Boundary III. Forming of the Coalition a. Nations joining the Coalition b. Coalition Strategy c. Iraqi Strategy IV. Military Operations V. Consequences a. UN-Iraqi Sanctions b. Casualties c. Gulf War Syndrome d. Reconstruction of Kuwait VI. Conclusion When the coalition of over 30 nations was formed by President Bush to help Kuwait after it was ...
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Gulf War - 1,067 words
... to use air power with logistic and raiding strategies. The second and third phase was combat and raiding strategies that would use standoff air power, close-in power, ground artillery and naval artillery. The fourth phase used a combat and persisting strategy, which was set out to remove Iraqi forces. During all four phases the Coalition concentrated on the Iraqi weaknesses. The greatest weakness was their underestimation of the Coalitions capabilities. The Iraqi strategy was based on things they learned in the Iran-Iraq War: reliance on entrenched, static defenses and the Coalitions unwillingness to absorb heavy casualties. Iraq had one major problem though not enough troops to defend ...
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Was The Gulf War A 'just War'? - 1,478 words
Aggression is the largest, if only, justification for war, according to the just-war theory outlined by Michael Walzers Just and Unjust Wars. In performing an act of aggression what Walzer describes as the floodgates of war are opened. To enable us to label the Gulf War as just, we must look at both the causes of war, and, once engaged, the conduct of the combatants involved. Although closely linked, these two categories must be treated as discrete considerations. A just cause does not automatically qualify a just conduct. Even if it was Iraqi aggression against the sovereign state of Kuwait that caused the gulf war, if the US lead coalitions conduct of the war was wrong or inhumane then the ...
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Causes And Effects Of The Persian Gulf War - 721 words
The Persian Gulf War, often referred to as Operation Desert Storm, was perhaps one of the most successful war campaigns in the history of warfare. Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq, invaded Kuwait in 1990. In 1991, after weeks of air strikes, US ground forces entered Iraq and Kuwait and eliminated Iraqi presence in 60 hours. Why Would Iraq invade Kuwait? Kuwait supplies much of the worlds oil supplies, and when Hussein invaded Kuwait, he controlled 24% of the worlds oil supplies (OHara). Though this is a good reason, it is not the only one. Iraqs real excuse for annexing Kuwait was that he believed that Kuwait was producing more oil than it was supposed to, taking out of Iraqs profits. Also, Ir ...
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First Persian Gulf War: 1990-1991 - 1,504 words
The First Persian Gulf War between 1990 and 1991 was the most militarily efficient campaign in US history where comparatively few lives were lost. This war accomplished many goals, including that it secured the economic advantages for the Western World. It encouraged a free flow of natural resources, established the value of air power and superiority, and verified that a free alliance for justice will prevail over armed aggression. In the end, the United States goals were accomplished: Kuwait was liberated from Saddam and peace settled into the Middle East (Rayment). The Soviet Union attacked Afghanistan on December 27, 1979. This posed a threat on the United States because of their oil ties ...
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First Persian Gulf War: 1990-1991 - 1,506 words
... Iraqi ground forces in Kuwait followed by a strong ground-attack (Richie, 30). Two days after the UNs deadline for Saddams troops evacuation, the war to evict Iraqi forces began. Almost immediately after this, the central control system of the air defense network became useless. All of the antiaircraft guns, surface-to-air missiles, and Iraqi airplanes patrolling in the skies over Baghdad were blinded (Richie, 30). After these main systems were down, any Iraqi radar turned on could be targeted by U.S. Wild Weasel and Prowler aircraft and attacked with anti-radiation missiles (Allen, 181). The air attack plan fell apart because Iraqi pilots without their systems were not helpful. Even th ...
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Gulf Monarchies - Oil Wealth And Traditional Social Structures - 1,898 words
H2>Identify elements of continuity and change in the interaction between oil wealth and traditional social structures in the Gulf monarchies Development of the Gulf monarchies, and the rapid rise in standard of living the world had witnessed in the past fifty odd years can be attributed to the possession by many these states of one of the most important commodities, oil, and their ability to control world oil prices. Naturally, the enormous wealth that has been accumulated in the region has affected the both the economic and social structures of the Gulf monarchies, and in this essay I intend to identify these elements of change and continuity and their origins. I will first examine the deve ...
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International Disputes Leading Up To The Gulf War Conflict - 513 words
"Gulf War"; also called Gulf War (1990-91), international conflict that was triggered by Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on Aug. 2, 1990. Iraq's leader, Saddam Hussein, ordered the invasion and occupation of Kuwait with the apparent aim of acquiring that nation's large oil reserves. On August 3 the United Nations Security Council called for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, and on August 6 the council imposed a worldwide ban on trade with Iraq. Iraq's invasion and the potential threat it then posed to Saudi Arabia prompted the United States and its western European NATO allies to rush troops to Saudi Arabia to deter a possible attack. Egypt and several other Arab nations joined the anti-Iraq coalition ...
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Saddam, Iraq, And The Gulf War - 1,720 words
War, justifiable or not, is complete madness. It is hell. No matter what the cause, or what the reason is, war remains mankind's greatest source of tragedy, the plague of mankind, and the plague of this country. Our country has existed for only 200 years, a relatively short time, and already we have been involved in over eleven major wars. Four have been fought this last fifty years. We are a nation of freedom, but we are also a nation of strong military presence. Our reasons for going to war have differed little from most nations. Political, social, and economic factors working alone or with each other lead us into all of our conflicts. A drive for independence brought on the Revolutionary ...
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Saddam, Iraq, And The Gulf War - 1,706 words
... a. "This will not stand." He told reporters at a press conference. "This will not stand, this aggression against Kuwait." Bush dubbed the defensive action Desert Shield. He immediately sentd more than 50,000 US troops and put an additional 100,000 on hold. Within hours, F-15 fighter planes and paratroopers were on their way to the Middle East. Special radar-equipped planes called AWACs and huge B-52 bombers also arrived shortly. Countless other aircraft, carriers, and tanks were sent to the Middle East. The Arab League had now split into those against Iraq, and those with him. President Bush again demanded Saddam Hussein back out of Kuwait and remove his troops. Saddam refused, and told ...
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Motives For Exploration - 816 words
Until the late 1400's, Europeans did not know the existence of the two American continents ( North and South America ). To the European explorers, exploring the other side of the Atlantic was like exploring an entire different world, hence the name- the New World. In 1492, Christopher Columbus unknowingly discovered the new continent. His original motives for exploring was to find an easier route to Asia but instead, he discovered the New World. Thus; Spain, France and England began sending out conquistadors and explorers to the uncharted terrains of the new continent. Motives for the Spanish, French, and English explorers varied greatly, however, they were similar in some ways. The motives ...
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Vietnam War Outline - 693 words
Indochina is made up of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. It was colonized by the French in the late 1800's and given up in 1939. Japan tookover Frances loss after that. After Japans defeat in 1945, Vietnams patriot and communist, Ho Chi Minh and his Viet Minh declared Vietnam independent. After that, France came to claim their loss. The US supported France fearing the "Domino Theory" would take affect after in 1949 China fell to communism. In 1950, the US sent troops to South Korea to prevent the dominos from falling. The Vietnamese took fort Dien Bien Phoo in May of 1954, so then the French finally pulled out. That set up 2 nations North Vietnam and South Vietnam split at the 17th parallel. Ho C ...
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The Transatlantic Slave - 2,910 words
From the 1520s to the 1860s an estimated 11 to 12 million African men, women, and children were forcibly embarked on European vessels for a life of slavery in the Western Hemisphere. Many more Africans were captured or purchased in the interior of the continent but a large number died before reaching the coast. About 9 to 10 million Africans survived the Atlantic crossing to be purchased by planters and traders in the New World, where they worked principally as slave laborers in plantation economies requiring a large workforce. African peoples were transported from numerous coastal outlets from the Senegal River in West Africa and hundreds of trading sites along the coast as far south as Ben ...
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Lynchings In America - 837 words
Recently, an L.A. Times article (dated 2/13/00) reviewed a new book entitled "Without Sanctuary", a collection of photographs from lynchings throughout America. During the course of the article, the author, Benjamin Schwarz, outlined some very interesting and disturbing facts related to this gruesome act of violence: Between 1882 and 1930, more than 3,000 people were lynched in the U.S., with approximately 80% of them taking place in the South. Though most people think only African Americans were victims of lynchings, during those years, about 25% were white. Data indicates that mobs in the West lynched 447 whites and 38 blacks; in the Midwest there were 181 white victims and 79 black; and i ...
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The Marine Corps - 1,560 words
The following was a submitted report for a U.S. History research paper assignment We fight our country's battles in the air, on land and sea. First to fight for right and freedom, and to keep our honor clean; We are proud to claim the title of United States Marine. Our flag's unfurled to every breeze from dawn to setting sun. We have fought in every clime and place, where we could take a gun. In the snow of far off northern lands and in sunny tropic scenes, You will find us always on the job, The United States Marines. Here's health to you and to our Corps which we are proud to serve. In many a strife we've fought for life and never lost our nerve. If the Army and the Navy ever look on heave ...
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