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Cities In Europe - 648 words
Provence has been called a bridge between the past and the present, where yesterday blends with today. This beautiful place lies in the southern part of France, and is bordered on the east by Italy , on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the Rhone River. The area abounds with flower fields, vineyards, orchards, and olive and mulberry groves. Along the seacoast is the French Rivera and the Ports of Marseille and Toulon. Provence has its own language The region originally formed part of a Roman province called Provincia Romana, built in the 120 B.C. It was passed into the possession of several ancient Germanic peoples, the Visigoths, the Ostrogoths, and the Frankish kings. ...
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Gothic Style - 988 words
The term Gothic style in architecture has taken many forms. The term Gothic originated in France. It is best known through the Gothic cathedral. Through engineering, intellect and spirituality these cathedrals perfectly express the medieval mind. This style was widespread throughout Europe. Unlike other arts, this style was not uniform in nature nor was it uniform in date. This style has three main chararistics that make it its own unique style, known as Gothic. First it is known for its pointed arches that rise above the churches. This not only represents a symbol of Gothic spirituality, but a practicality in engineering. These arches redistributed the thrust of downward force in a more equ ...
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Christmas In Spain - 1,163 words
Christmas in Spain is a very joyous and religious time of year. You will see that a Spanish Christmas has a lot of American influence but also has much of their own heritage in it. In small towns and villages it is more traditional and distinctly Spanish. It is in the bigger cities that you will find more American and European customs. For an example, will only see a Santa Claus walking around in Madrid and other big cities. The idea of Santa has spread through out Spain more today. The climate and the language differ and so does Christmas in Spain. The Spanish customs and traditions in small towns also will differ than in the big cities. In Spain there are two regions, the north and the sou ...
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Spains Golden Age - 2,216 words
... rd, thus collapsing them. A building's vertical supporting walls thus had to be made extremely thick and heavy in order to contain the barrels vaults outward thrust. Medieval masons solved this difficult problem about 1120 with a number of brilliant innovations First and foremost they developed a ribbed vault, in which arching and intersecting stone ribs support a vaulted ceiling surface that is composed of mere thin stone panels. This greatly reduced the weight (and thus the outward thrust) of the ceiling vault, and since the vault's weight was now carried at discrete points (the ribs) rather than along a continuous wall edge, separate widely spaced vertical piers to support the ribs co ...
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A New And Malevolent Superstition - 2,345 words
... be risen, was folly. The fact that Christians believed in the message of this crucified one, adopting a preference for the outcasts and poor (the dregs of humanity) and preaching brotherly love for everyone (in a society tightly built in a pyramid and considered the 'natural order') was another intolerable folly, which everyone rejected. Christians had to be eliminated as the adversaries of human civilisation. The criticism of antichristian intellectuals was marked by the same idea of "revelation from above", not based on "philosophical wisdom"; on Christian scriptures, which had contradicted history, and logic; on the "irrational" teachings; on the actions of the LOGOS of God that becam ...
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Chartres Cathedral - 1,713 words
The medieval Gothic cathedral was in many ways a civic building as well as a religious one. This particularly was the case with the famous cathedral Notre-Dame de Chartres (Our Lady of Chartres) in the town of the same name, 80km south-east of Paris, built in the 13th century. Chartres cathedral was planned not only as a place of worship, but also developed as the centre of the town's economy and way of life, as the place that housed the relic of the cloak of the Virgin Mary. The local citizens assisted the building of the cathedral by providing the labour, giving food to the workers and donating money to pay for its construction. The architecture of the cathedral dominated the town in the w ...
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Chartres Cathedral - 1,649 words
... furrier making a cloak with some assistants (Fig. 8); lastly on the bottom 'petal' of the miracles of Mary window, two butchers cut meat for a customer (Fig. 9) Secular glass windows showing the trade of the donors were also complimented by the use of some secular sculptures on the outside of the cathedral. Sculptures at the cathedral included not only religious images, but also images of kings and queens. The sculptures on the west facade depict Christ's ascension into heaven, episode from his life, saints, apostles, Christ in the lap of Mary and other religious scenes. (See Fig. 10) Below the religious figures are statues of kings and queens, which is the reason why this entrance is kn ...
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Roman Architecture - 1,611 words
The Roman society, like any other, had its humble beginnings. The history of their architecture runs virtually in step with the history of their empire to an extent. As the Empire expanded so did the architecture, and as Romans became more magnificent their architecture followed. Roman architecture had its humble beginnings as a form of worship. The first Roman architects were the ancient priests and dwellers who made areas of sacrifice and worship for their gods. At first, their homes were simple huts but as they grew smarter and more aware of their surroundings, they erected monumental sites for their gods. This space shall be for worship and for nothing else; it shall be four-square; wha ...
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Design Of The Medieval Period - 931 words
There were two main styles of architecture in the middle ages. Gothic period in architecture followed the Romanesque period. However, they did not follow the same elements. The primary difference between buildings Gothic and Romanesque style is ideological, besides their architectural styles are different. Gothic style architecture included big churches called cathedrals. Cathedrals had tall skyscraper-like towers. Romanesque architecture had big internal spaces. These buildings had barrel vaults, columns, windows, and doors with rounded arches. The buildings were solid and heavy with small windows. The construction of the cathedrals was more than hundreds of years (Macdonald 14). The overal ...
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