Fetal Development - 1,355 words
Fetal development starts with the process of fertilization. It starts when the female ovulates producing an egg. This egg then travels into the fallopian tube where it waits to be fertilized. Once sperm enter the body they must travel up the uterus until they make their way up to the egg. Once at the egg the sperm try to get in. They sperm wiggle their tails until they make it in. Once it makes it in the egg will not any other sperm in. The sperm that made it then drops its tail. After about twenty hours inside the egg the sperm finds the nucleus of the egg and fuses with it. Now the egg has all the genetic material that it needs to make a new human being. It nows begins to move down into th ...
Free research essays on topics related to: fetal, blood cells, cartilage, uterus
Fetal Development - 1,281 words
... can be starving for food and that can impact the brain of the fetus and cause malformations. Smoking or drinking during pregnancy can form defects in the fetus and cause it to be The fetus is growing in size and has been training for his entrance into the real world. He has been moving around for quite awhile, since about the eighth week. When the fetus moves inside the uterus he is not just playing he is helping to build muscle and strengthen his bones at the same time. At this time the fetus is also starting to run out of room in the uterus. Now the fetus can't do somersaults like it used to earlier in development. Sometimes the fetus can get hiccups, the mother feels these as small je ...
Free research essays on topics related to: fetal, weight gain, william morrow, developmental stage, smoking
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Research Paper - 1,646 words
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) refers to a group of physical and mental birth defects resulting from a women's drinking alcohol heavily or at crucial stages during pregnancy. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome was first named and treated in the late 1960's. This condition results from the toxic effect of alcohol and its chemical factors on the developing fetus. FAS is the leading cause of mental retardation occurring in 1 out of every 750 births. The frequency of FAS occurs about 1.9 times out of every 1000 births according to the latest figures, and minor effects can be seen in up to 20% of pregnancies per year. This number changes drastically for women who are clearly alcoholics. As high as 29 children ...
Free research essays on topics related to: alcohol, alcohol abuse, alcohol consumption, alcohol syndrome, fetal, fetal alcohol, fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - 2,557 words
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a set of physical and mental birth defects that can result when a woman drinks alcohol during her pregnancy. When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, such as beer, wine, or mixed drinks, so does her baby. Alcohol passes through the placenta right into the developing baby. The baby may suffer lifelong damage as a result. FAS is characterized by brain damage, facial deformities, and growth deficits. Heart, liver, and kidney defects also are common, as well as vision and hearing problems. Individuals with FAS have difficulties with learning, attention, memory, and problem solving. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term describing the range of ef ...
Free research essays on topics related to: alcohol, alcohol addiction, alcohol consumption, alcohol syndrome, blood alcohol, down syndrome, drink alcohol
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - 2,456 words
... s affected by prenatal alcohol exposure. The last number from South Africa is from recent work done by Phil May and colleagues. References Egeland G, Perham-Hester KA, Gessner BD, Ingle D, Berner JE,Middaugh JP. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in Alaska, 1977 through 1992: An administrative prevalence derived from multiple data sources. American Journal of Public Health. 1998. 88(5): 781-786. Aberdeen IHS Area (1995) MMWR. vol 44(#):253-261. BDMP (1995): MMWR Vol. 44(13):249-253. Atlanta, Ga. (1997) MMWR Vol. 46(47): 1118-1120. Sampson, P. D., Streissguth, A. P., Bookstein, F. L., Little, R. E., Clarren, S. K., Dehaene, P., Hanson, J. W., & Graham, J. M., Jr. (1997). Incidence of fetal alcoho ...
Free research essays on topics related to: alcohol, alcohol syndrome, fetal, fetal alcohol, fetal alcohol syndrome, prenatal alcohol exposure, syndrome
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - 2,489 words
... ate alcohol similar to human, transport alcohol and metabolites across placenta similar to human, have embryos and fetuses with developmental and metabolic patterns similar to that of human, be easily bred with large litters and a short gestation length, be inexpensive to maintain under laboratory conditions, and importantly not bite, scratch, kick, howl or squeal. No one animal meets all these requirements and the vast amount of work has been done in rodents (e.g. rats and mice). However, models have been developed in primates, sheep, pigs, and dogs. There is a continued need for animal research to answer questions that simply cannot be answered in humans: including the identification o ...
Free research essays on topics related to: alcohol, alcohol syndrome, blood alcohol, down syndrome, drink alcohol, fetal, fetal alcohol
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - 2,466 words
... take place. 'Recent research has led to an awareness of the importance of providing early intervention to children diagnosed with FAS,' says Wilton. 'Development and stimulation programs begun between birth and age 5 have made enormous differences.' How Much Alcohol Is Too Much? It is clear that abusing alcohol during pregnancy is dangerous, but what about the occasional drink? How much alcohol constitutes too much during pregnancy? No evidence exists that can determine exactly how much alcohol ingestion will produce birth defects. Individual women process alcohol differently. Other factors vary the results, too, such as the age of the mother, the timing and regularity of the alcohol ing ...
Free research essays on topics related to: alcohol, alcohol abuse, alcohol consumption, alcohol syndrome, fetal, fetal alcohol, fetal alcohol syndrome
Architecture And Burials In The Maya And Aztec - 1,170 words
Plundering and carnage were the overlying results of the Spanish conquest of MesoAmerica beginning in 1519. The ensuing years brought many new "visitors," mostly laymen or officials in search of wealth, though the Christianity toting priest was ever present. Occasionally a man from any of these classes, though mainly priests would be so in awe of the civilization they were single handedly massacring that they began to observe and document things such as everyday life, religious rituals, economic goings on, and architecture, which was the biggest achievement in the eyes of the Spaniards. That is how the accounts of Friar Diego de Landa, a priest, were created, giving us rare first per-son his ...
Free research essays on topics related to: architecture, aztec, maya, more important, food and drink
My Story - 1,942 words
I could smell the vodka entering my lungs, surrounding my body in its evil presence. I held my knees close to my body, and rested my head upon a kneecap. The shattering glass echoed in the background, filling my ears with the calls from hell. Tears ran down the sides of my cheeks, as I tried to hold back from bawling. My whole body began to shake as the fighting between the two I loved grew louder and harsher. Bottles crashed against the walls and shattered into a million pieces on the cold tile floor. I felt as if my life was the glass bottle. Shattered into a million pieces, and never being able to put it back to what it once was. I closed my eyes and tried to fight the tears. It was like ...
Free research essays on topics related to: last time, mine, chair, dads
Abortion - 1,234 words
ROE V. WADE AND THE RIGHT TO CHOOSE "At the heart of liberty is the right to define one's own concept of existence, of meaning, of the universe, and of the mystery of human life. Beliefs about these matters could not define the attributes of personhood were they formed under compulsion of the State."1 U.S. Supreme Court Justices O'Conner, Kennedy and Souter Planned Parenthood of Abortion in the United States Before Roe When Roe v. Wade was decided in January 1973, abortion except to save a woman's life was banned in nearly two-thirds of the states.2 Laws in most of the remaining states contained only a few additional exceptions.3 It is estimated that each year 1.2 million women resorted to i ...
Free research essays on topics related to: abortion, abortion laws, right to privacy, self determination, alley
War Against Marijuana Legalize It - 1,782 words
A total of 3,470,545 Americans have been arrested for marijuana offenses. In 1997 state and local law enforcement arrested 695,200 people for marijuana violations. That number is the highest ever recorded by the FBI. Of the 682,885 arrests made in 1998, approximately 88% were for simple possession. The remaining 12% were for sale and manufacture. Every 52 seconds, a marijuana smoker is arrested in America. This is truly a waste of law enforcement and a waste of our tax money. These people getting arrested are generally responsible adults capable of making their own decisions. Marijuana was made illegal in 1937, but hemp was kept legal to use. Hemp provides from four to fourteen tons of dry f ...
Free research essays on topics related to: legalize, marijuana, drug enforcement agency, kaiser permanente, chromosomes
War Against Marijuana Legalize It - 1,726 words
... e found to have recently smoked marijuana, though it could not be proven that it caused the accident. The engineer had extensive record of speeding and DUI. He was known by management to have drinking problems. Congress mandated that random drug testing be done on the entire transportation industry. Marijuana is less of a road hazard than alcohol. Surveys have found that half or more of fatal drivers have alcohol in their blood, as opposed to 7-20% with THC, the major component of marijuana. The combination of marijuana and alcohol is a hazard. Some research suggested that low doses of marijuana alone might sometimes improve driving performance, but not true in most cases. Marijuana appe ...
Free research essays on topics related to: legalize, marijuana, respiratory system, special report, director
Lupus Sle - 1,098 words
... ions. Preparations with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 and which block both UVA and UVB rays are recommended. SLE is typically a disease which shows a fluctuating course characterized by long periods of relative inactivity (remission) punctuated by unpredictable flares of inflammation involving one or more organ systems (exacerbation). Fortunately for a majority of SLE patients, the symptoms are so mild as to require little or no specific treatment. The choice of therapy will therefore depend both on the nature as well as the severity of the symptoms. The initial treatment of minor joint aches and pains may often consist of simple anti-arthritic medications sometimes known ...
Free research essays on topics related to: lupus, lupus erythematosus, systemic lupus erythematosus, fatigue syndrome, kidney disease
Marijuna - 1,248 words
... cy, meaning that currently available marijuana must be considered an addictive drug. Increasing numbers of teenagers report getting "very" intoxicated or "bombed" when they smoke marijuana, suggesting they may be using a powerful form of the drug. Among teens who smoked in the last month, nearly 20 percent reported compulsive daily use. Dr. Charles Schuster, former director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), stated: "Physical dependence, which is what most people mean by addiction, has been scientifically demonstrated. The abstinence syndrome, (the indicator of physical dependence) can occur when a state of marijuana intoxication is maintained over a prolonged period of time ...
Free research essays on topics related to: fetal alcohol, ancient cultures, harmful effects, transmission, exaggerated
The Performanceenhancing Drug Controversy - 1,282 words
... use such dangerous materials? That is one question no one can yet answer. Performance-enhancing drugs are not solely used by men in these types of activities. Women also have been known to use them, especially Chinese women. For example, there was quite a controversy in the recent National Games in Shanghai, China. According to Phillip Whitten of The New Republic, ...in the weight-lifting arena alone, Chinese women eclipsed every world record in all nine weight classes...in some weight-lifting events, the old marks were passed by 60 pounds or more--in a sport which usually measures world record improvements in one- or two-pound increments (10). Also in the same article, Whitten describes ...
Free research essays on topics related to: controversy, drug, drug test, drug testing, enhancing drugs
Mental Illness - 1,137 words
The name of my book is Mental Illness by Gilda Berger. Mental illness is a disorder characterized by disturbances in a persons thoughts, emotions, or behavior. The term mental illness can refer to a wide variety of disorders, ranging from those that cause mild distress to those that severely impair a persons ability to function. Today, mental illness is considered to range from such ideas as eating disorders to personality disorders. Mental illnesses have been reported as far back as to 4000-5000 years ago. The reason scientists believe that mental illness has existed this long is due to anthropologists finding skulls with holes gashed in them. These skulls look very similar to skulls that h ...
Free research essays on topics related to: mental disorder, mental illness, mental illnesses, mental retardation, alcohol syndrome
Immunology Grant Proposal - 1,044 words
I will be addressing the possible immunological barriers that may be involved with challenge to infection of Toxoplasmosa gondii, the protozoan that causes toxoplasmosis. It is widely known that toxoplasmosis is a devastating disease, with often drastic consequences upon infection. In pregnant mothers, these consequences can be very horrid. Such effects are more felt by the unborn fetus than by the mother. These effects include abortion, premature birth, and severe growth retardation (Creasy et. al., 1994). Falkner et. al. have shown that the human fetus is capable of producing antibodies as early as ten weeks gestation time. We also know that antibodies to toxoplasmosis exist, which are of ...
Free research essays on topics related to: grant, immunology, proposal, premature birth, immune system
Immunology Grant Proposal - 990 words
... em would be needed. This would call for a wide range of assays to show Ig affinity to antigen, the ability of the c omplex to elicit a response, etc. The first assay conducted would involve isolated Ig from fetal serum, regardless of isotype, but the Ig must be specific for toxoplasmosis. This should be easy to come by in an infection situation, since antibodies to toxoplasmosis are produced in an infection situation to that specific antigen. These isolated Ig molecules would then be subjected to equilibrium dialysis. This assay would involve Ig specific for toxoplasmosis and toxoplasmosis antigen labeled with chromium 51. The results of this assay would prove if the Ig specific for toxo ...
Free research essays on topics related to: grant, immunology, proposal, early life, pregnant woman
Bio Ethics - 911 words
In the article Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers, by Laura Purdy she discusses her philosophical position on abortion. Is the fetus a person? Does the fetus have the moral status of a person, whether technically a person or not? Does the fetus have any moral status at all and if so does this status change during the course of a pregnancy? What is the woman's role in the matter? Is she merely an incubator for another organism? When does the tissue, which comprises the fetus cease to be a part of her body? Is there a distinction between what a women-contemplating abortion ought to do and what a society can justly coerce her to do? Purdys main argument is that if the fetus is apart of a women ...
Free research essays on topics related to: ethics, independent living, medical treatment, moral status, entity
The Medias Effect On Underage Alcohol Abuse - 1,244 words
The Effects of the Media on Underage Alcohol Abuse It is a major aspect of our culture and many others, being used in religious ceremonies, for celebration, and during common socialization, its presence is seen everywhere. It is alcohol. Alcohol is the broad term that society gives to such drinks as wine, beer, and hard liquor because it contains ethyl alcohol. Despite the fact that in the past century alone, alcohol has been denounced, accepted, and outlawed, we still see alcohol everywhere in magazines, television, billboards, and The effects of alcohol are numerous and reach a widespread of people in the following ways: drunk driving accidents, fetal alcohol syndrome, liver disease, and i ...
Free research essays on topics related to: alcohol, alcohol abuse, alcohol alert, alcohol consumption, alcohol syndrome, fetal alcohol, fetal alcohol syndrome