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Executive Orders - 4,884 words
Orders Issued by President Bill Clinton Executive Orders are official documents, Executive numbered consecutively, through which the President of the United States manages the operations of the Federal Government. Some Executive Orders in the past have created new commissions, councils, task forces and committees; issued and allocated bonds; authorized permit issuance; etc. 40 Executive Orders issued by President Clinton 1. 2000-12-23 Executive Orders on Puerto Ricos Status 2. 2000-12-23 Executive Orders on Adjustments of Certain Rates of Pay 3. 2000-12-07 Executive Order 13180 on Air Traffic Performance 4. 2000-12-07 Executive Order 13279 on Americas Nuclear Weapons Workers 5. 2000-12-04 Ex ...
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Executive Orders - 4,870 words
... and related marine resources and species of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in their natural character; (b) The Reserve shall be managed using available science and applying a precautionary approach with resource protection favored when there is a lack of information regarding any given activity, to the extent not contrary to law; (c) Culturally significant, noncommercial subsistence, cultural, and religious uses by Native Hawaiians should be allowed within the Reserve, consistent with applicable law and the long-term conservation and protection of Reserve resources; (d) The Reserve shall be managed using, when appropriate, geographical zoning and innovative management techniques to en ...
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Constitutional Law - 3,822 words
... between two states, the sup. ct. gives the case to a special master in a trial with original jurisdiction. ***Can congress take away all appellate jurisdiction? The ct. will say it would be unconstitutional. Congress can seek help from the Pres. to take away a judges salary. -Sup. ct. first met in N.Y. in 1719. -In 1920 Certioriari was created. Gave sup. ct. the right to choose whether they wanted to hear. Exception, they had to hear all appellate cases. -1988, now they decide what they want to hear. 1. When the decision has a consequence of general significance, not only affects one individual. 2. When there is a split in the federal circuits for the need of uniformity. -The rule of 4: ...
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Overview Of Philosphy Of Law - 1,918 words
Natural law theory holds that the concept which we have come to understand as law is significantly reflective of the moral judgments and standards that are exercised in society. Law, according to natural law theory, is simply a mirrored reflection of a societal natural moral order. It is a philosophy that embraces overall goodness and equality, but, that rejects the mere mention of evil. It requires that a law be implemented while respecting the fundamental rights of all its citizens, and at the same time promotes a common good. Naturalism holds that human practices and institutions are to be measured against these higher standards, and where they fall short of the mark, specific human arran ...
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Presidential Roles - 938 words
The President of the United States has five major roles within his job. These include being the Commander in Chief, Chief Diplomat, Chief Executive, Legislative Leader, and the Opinion/Party Leader. The Commander in Chief is the role with the most power, it is the most visible role, and it commands the most respect from other institutions of government. The Commander in Chief is the nations highest military leader and is the only role named in Article II of the Constitution. The commander in chief and his closest advisors are the only relevant decision makers with our nations military, not Congress. Congress has declared only five wars since our nations birth compared to presidents have wage ...
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Eleanor Roosevelt - 1,406 words
The Contributions of Eleanor Roosevelt Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born in New York City on October 11, 1884. She was one of America's great reforming leaders who had a sustained impact on national policy toward youth, blacks, women, the poor, and the United Nations. As the wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, she was one of the most active First Ladies as well as an important public personality in her own right. When Eleanor Roosevelt traveled to New York City a week after her husband's funeral in April 1945, a host of reporters were waiting at the door of her Washington Square apartment. "The story is over," she said simply, assuming that her words and opinions would no longer be of int ...
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The Civil Rights In The 1950's And 60's - 533 words
(1) Trumans civil rights committee: In 1947 Trumans Civil Rights Committee recommended laws protecting the right of African Americans to vote and banning segregation on railroads and buses. It also called for a federal law punishing lynching. He issued executive orders ending segregation in the armed forces and prohibiting job discrimination in all government agencies. (2) Brown V. the Board of Education (1954): In 1954 the Supreme Court made one of the most important decisions in its long history. It decided in the case of Brown v. Board Of Education of Topeka that it was unconstitutional for states to maintain separate schools for African American and white children. This case over turned ...
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Truman's Domestic Policy - 1,400 words
Despite strong opposition from a Republican congress, Truman attempted to extend Roosevelts New Deal policies by strengthening social security, conservation, implementing rent controls, and providing housing to low-income families. At times, however, Truman was inconsistent with his own partys beliefs and the ideal of the New Deal in order to suit the immediate situation and retain public support. Furthermore, Truman supported civil rights actions and for the first time, increased the political status of African American citizens. Trumans various other reforms were much like the proposals of Roosevelt, but the mood of the nation due to its affluence and that of Congress opposed his efforts a ...
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War Of 1812 - 1,002 words
Background Over the course of the French revolutionary and the Napoleonic wars between France and Great Britain (1793-1815), both belligerents violated the maritime rights of neutral powers. The United States, endeavoring to market its own produce, was especially affected. To preserve Britain's naval strength, Royal Navy officers impressed thousands of seamen from U.S. vessels, including naturalized Americans of British origin, claiming that they were either deserters or British subjects. The United States defended its right to naturalize foreigners and challenged the British practice of impressment on the high seas. Relations between the two nations reached a breaking point in 1807 when the ...
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Andrew Johnson - 1,535 words
The inauguration of Andrew Jackson as the seventh president of the United States launched a new wave of democracy, which revolutionized American politics in an age of national instability. However, in order to comprehend the code of beliefs and the long lasting effects of this presidential pioneer, one must first have some insight into his earlier years. He was of a humble background; born in the west and raised by a single mother, which definitely did not place him among the social elite. Nevertheless, he fought his way to leadership and wealth in frontier society, and his triumph over poverty established a bond between him and the common people that was never broken. Jackson became renowne ...
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Abraham Lincoln's Abuse Of Power - 730 words
Lincoln's use of executive authority during the civil war is many times illegal and unjust; although his issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation may seem justified, Lincoln blatantly abused his power regarding civil rights. He did things like institute an unfair draft, suspend Constitutional rights, allocate military spending without Congress, and institute emancipation. Although some may justify these actions, they stomped on the Constitution. Lincoln found powers in the constitutional clause making him "Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states." He said that because of this clause, he had the right to use any means necessary t ...
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Historical Misconceptions About Abraham Lincoln And John F. Kennedy - 1,260 words
... hts Movement, he was often privately infuriated by it and by the means that many of the more prominent advocates of the movement were using in an attempt to achieve their goal of acceptance and equality. In a major televised address on civil rights, made just after the incident in Little Rock, Arkansas, Kennedy stated it ought to be possible...for every American to enjoy the privileges of being American without regard to his race or color (http://www.historyplace.com/kennedy/president.htm ). In retrospect of history, this statement was hypocritical of his political position, as he did little to pass any new civil rights legislation. He seemed to find it adequate enough to be more strict i ...
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Federal Structure Of The Us Goverment - 1,453 words
Structure of US Government The United States of America is a Federation of fifty states plus six territories. A Federation is a country that is comprised of more than one self-governing regions that are united by a central, or federal, government. The term Federation comes from the Latin word foedus, meaning covenant, and the term implies a basic relationship between the Central government and its member-states. Certain powers and duties are expressly given to parts of the Federal Government because, for reasons of security and stability, there can be but one system. Certain other powers are left to the states themselves chiefly because various problems are best dealt with by those closest t ...
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Separation Of Powers And The System Of Checks And Balances - 1,135 words
A significant aspect of the American Political System, and one I consider the most important, is the system of checks and balances. This concept is rooted in the classical theory of separation of powers, by which the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government were vested in three different units. The purpose of this, and of the later development of checks and balances, was to ensure that governmental power would not be used in an abusive manner. Classical political philosophers from Aristotle onward favored a "mixed" government combining the elements of monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy. The English theorist James Harrington in his Oceana (1656) derived a theory akin to sep ...
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Separation Of Powers And The System Of Checks And Balances - 1,207 words
... be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress from time to time may ordain an establish. (The Constitution states). All nine federal judges are appointed by the President and serve during good behavior, usually meaning for life. The judges cannot be removed from office except for criminal behavior or malfeasance. This makes them less vulnerable to political pressure than they would be if they had to depend upon politicians or the voters for new mandates. The main feature of the independent role for the courts lies in their power to interpret the Constitution. They review the constitutionality of laws and executive orders. The number of justices is decided by ...
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Us Government - Checks And Balances - 1,543 words
'There is no more important function for all of government to define the rights of its citizens.' (Norman Dorsen) In this essay I will give a short history of the government in United States of America (U.S.). Then I will describe each of the three branches of government in the U.S. and the relationship between them. In principle, the U.S. is a democratic republic, they govern themselves by choosing their leaders by secret ballot, and these leaders in turn make the rules. Americans started 'governing themselves' as a nation on July 4th, 1776, when the Declaration of Independence was signed in Philadelphia by representatives of the thirteen British colonies in North America. These states join ...
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Affirmative Action - 1,532 words
Affirmative Action Ten percent too much or too little? Over two hundred years ago the country was founded by a group of white european christian men wanting to make a better home for themselves and their families. They wrote the Declaration of Independence to form the basis for their beliefs that all men are created equal. This was followed by another document, the Constitution. The Constitution set a foundation of expectations for the government and the people. The Constitution has been modified with amendments over the years. Some of these changes included basic rights for classes or groups of people that were not included in the original document. Today these changes have been incorporate ...
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