References Of Paganism To Christianity In English Literature - 1,220 words
Great Britain has thousands of years of history. The first known inhabitants were the ancient Celts. Although they did not have a written language much is known about their culture. Celtic society had several classes which included, aristocrats; common people; and an educated class of lawyers, poets and priests. Most of the Celts lived in small rural settlements, raising crops and livestock. Tradition says that in 449 A.D. the first band of people from the great North German plain crossed the North Sea to Britain. These were the Jutes; the first of many Germanic invaders. After the Jutes came the Anglo-Saxons. Even though the Celts were no match for the invaders, they put up a fight. "The le ...
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English Literature: Chaucer And Swift - 753 words
Chaucer and Swift are some of the most prominent English writers, their works are studied world wide and a lot of researchers have devoted their time to study the literary devices used by both authors in their writings. Within the scope of this paper, we will compare the irony of Chaucer's General Prologue to the irony used by Swift in A Modest Proposal. Chaucer deploys his creative style of writing in order to portray irony, he achieves the irony in his work through two types of irony: incongruity - meaning active behavior that is different to what is expected; verbal irony - when one says the exact opposite of what he really means. (Hoy, p. 42) Swifts irony in A Modest Proposal is rather d ...
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Gulivers Travels - 1,121 words
Swift was dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin when his novel came out. Since in this book he wrote about and often harpooned-prominent political figures, he published the book anonymously. While most readers were trying like mad to find out who the author was. Swift's close friends had fun keeping the secret. Londonwas stunned with thoughts about the author's identity, as well as those of some of his characters. Swift's dying years were a torment. He suffered awful bouts of dizziness, nausea, deafness, and mental incapacity. In fact, Swift's harshest critics tried to discredit the Travels on the grounds that the author was mad when he wrote it. But he wasn't. The Travels were published ...
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Pardoners Tale - 1,614 words
The Pardoner's Tale: Deception and Foolishness There are several types of foolishness being described in the Pardoner's Tale itself. He describes gluttony in general, then specifically wine. He talks of gambling, taking bets and the like, and of swearing. The exemplum of his sermon describes three fools who go foolishly seeking death, then find it in a large amount of gold. Deception is another topic addressed by the Pardoner: he comes right out and says that he is a con artist, and that he is out to take people's money. In his tale, deception by the rioters leads to the death of all three. These are good points, but there is another deception the Pardoner plays, and gets caught: his sermon ...
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3 Rs - 616 words
Reading, writing and arithmetic, these three subjects are the basic outline for American schools. In those subjects, where does history fit in? Some believe that teachers avoid history because of how corrupt America's has been. James W. Loewen, author of Lies My Teacher Told Me, says, "Parents may feel undermined when children get tools of information not available to adults and use them in ways that seem to threaten adult-held values." (Loewen 296.) The adults had to learn the same false history children are being taught today. By teaching children the truth about history, are adults risking the authority they hold along with adult-held values? "Learning social studies is to no small extent ...
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Chaucers In And Out - 1,722 words
Chaucers social commentary grows from so-called intrusion The relationship Geoffrey Chaucer establishes between outsiders and insiders in The Canterbury Tales provides the primary fuel for the poetrys social commentary. Both tales and moments within tales describing instances of intrusion work to create a sense of proper order disturbed in the imaginary, structured universes presented by the pilgrims. The perturbances, conflicts born of these examples of, intrusion into the inner circle, bear the responsibility for most of the ironic-comedic role reversal on which the Tales thrive. From the knights rape of a maiden in the Wife of Baths fantastic tale to Absolons jamming of a hot iron into Ni ...
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Metacognitive Essay - 728 words
Going into British Literature and Composition, I had no idea what to expect. I thought all I would be doing was writing essays, indeed there was allot of essay writing, but there were many other key skills that I learned. Which included critical reading, collaboration with my peers to achieve a common goal, and understanding the connection between British history and literature. One very important skill that I learned during the class was critical reading, thinking, and writing. Before I started British literature and composition I had limited critical reading, thinking, and writing skills. It was very hard for me to read a piece of literature and then write a critical essay on it. For examp ...
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Victorian Life Through Color - 1,811 words
The use of color in Victorian literature and art has gone far beyond simple description to form it's very own sort of diction. Whether reading Victorian prose or looking at a Pre-Raphaelite painting one is drawn in and deeply affected by the arrangement and combination of it's colors. In the two of these mediums, each color is both powerful and used precisely either to represent a trait or emotion or to compliment other colors to form a greater representation of an idea. Furthermore, seeing these colors in the mind brings out any unconscious association, bias, or preconceived notion of what traits and emotions generally go along with a given color. This use of color is partially why Victoria ...
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John Miltons Satan - 1,242 words
... n in which Satan emerges in a less favorable light. Stanley Fish in his essay 'The harassed reader in Paradise Lost'' states that Satan possesses a form of heroism which is easy to admire because it is visible and flamboyant and that, on that basis, Satan's attractiveness is only initial (Fish 189-90). B Rajan, on the other hand, writes: 'the heroic qualities which Satan brings to his mission, the fortitude, the steadfast hate, the implacable resolution which is founded on despair are qualities not to be imitated or admired. They are defiled by the evil to which they are consecrated' (Rajan 190). Nonetheless, it is often Satan's despair, which comes through more potently than his evil in ...
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The Crucifixion In The Dream Ofthe Rood And Julian Of Norwich - 1,498 words
The crucifixion of Christ is treated differently within the bodies of Old English and Middle English literature. The values of each era's society are superimposed on the descriptions of the sacrifice of Christ on the cross. Christ is depicted either as the model of the hero, prevalent in Old English literature, or as the embodiment of love and passion, as found in Showings by Julian of Norwich. Old English literature establishes the elements of the heroic code, to which its society ascribed. A man must live, or die, by his honor. In The Dream of the Rood the crucifixion of Christ is depicted as the ultimate symbol of heroism, as all mankind bewailed Christ's death and prepared a gilt cross f ...
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Feminism In Jane Erye - 1,313 words
Feminism is a very contradictory theme throughout literary history. It does not have to be seen as a complete rebellion against men, but can simply represent intelligence and self-worth in a female. This philosophy is shown in many of the works of Charlotte Bronte. She uses independence as a keynote in her thinking about her own life and the life of all unmarried women (Ewbank 157). One such work is Jane Erye. In this novel Charlotte Bronte personifies her philosophy through the main character of Jane. As Jane matures from child to woman her strength of character is what makes her memorable. Through her endurance, moral convictions, and intense emotional capacity Jane is shown as the epidemy ...
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Evolution Of British Literature - 1,677 words
The historical events and mentality of a time period are a major influence on the context and style of that particular times literature. British Literature experienced many metamorphoses through the years 449-1660. The literature traveled through four distinct periods. Beginning with the Anglo-Saxons moving through the medieval and Renaissance periods and ending with the writings of the 17th century. The Anglo-Saxons were the beginning of British Literature. The Anglo-Saxons began the year 440 by advancing on what is today England. The Angles and the Saxons were known as ferocious, they didnt wage war on the British heartland out of mere spite. They conquered and won over territory enabling ...
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Mary Shelley - 785 words
Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley, born August 30, 1797, was a prominent, though often overlooked, literary figure during the Victorian Era of English Literature. She was the only child of, Mary Wollstonecraft, the famous feminist, and William Godwin, a philosopher and novelist. Young Mary grew up in a strange household. Her mother died only 10 days after Mary was born. From infancy, Mary was treated as a unique individual. High expectations were placed on her potential. She was treated as if she were born under a lucky star. Her father was convinced all babies are born with potential waiting to be developed. From an early age, famous poets, philosophers, and writers surrounded Mary.(www.de ...
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Post Industrial Society A Brave New World - 1,301 words
Post Industrial Society: A Brave New World? Aldous Huxley was born on July 26, 1894 in Surrey, England. He was born to a very scholarly family, most notably his grandfather T.H. Huxley, a well-known biologist and foremost advocate for Darwins evolutionary theory. Aldous upbringing was shaped by many diverse influences, from his brother Julian, a notable biologist, to his mothers uncle Matthew Arnold, a well-known English poet and literary critic. This mix of disciplines led to Huxleys eclectic interests, which ranged from anthropology to zoology and from literature to mysticism. These interests eventually drove Huxley into a pursuit of a medical career as a student at Eton. Soon after he cho ...
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A Road Not Taken - 1,204 words
... ing that was obviously not for everyone because it seemed that the majority of people too the other path therefore he calls it "the road less traveled by" ( Leary, 75).The fact that the traveler took this path over the more popular, secure one indicates the type of personality he has, one that does not want to necessarily follow the crowd bu do more of what has never been done, what is new and different. "And both that morning equally lay in leaves no step had trodden black." The leaves had covered the ground and since the time they had fallen no one had yet to pass by on this road. Perhaps Frost does this because each time a person comes to the point ere they have to make a choice, it i ...
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Reflections On Anglosaxon Life - 544 words
The Anglo-Saxons set the foundations on which the English nation developed. In spite of continual internal warfare, they built upon those foundations and developed a high degree of civilization. In Beowulf, Burton Raffel portrays many aspects of Anglo-Saxon lifestyle, especially the importance of weaponry, women's role in society, and the significance of Christianity. There was not a single object that mattered to Anglo-Saxons more than their weapons. The Anglo-Saxons "delighted in beautiful weapons" (Crossley-Holland 19). They associated usefulness with beauty. Anglo-Saxons decorated their swords with ornamental patterning. These warlike people considered the sword to be the "king of weapon ...
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World War 1 Poets - 1,865 words
World War I was the first major war in which virtually every country took part. Because of the large number of countries involved in this war, there were many casualties by the time everything returned to normal. This war had a long lasting impact on just about everything. During the four years of the war (1914-1918) the number of known dead has been placed at approximately 10,000,000 and about 20,000,000 wounded.(Langer) Although the numbers of injured and killed were huge during the war, there was beneficial side effect that the war produced, the poetry of several people from 1914 to 1918. Three of the great World War I poets were Siegfried Sassoon, Robert Graves, and Wilfred Owen. Through ...
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Critical Analysis Of Beowulf - 803 words
The Anglo-Saxon epic Beowulf is the most important work of Old English literature. The epic tells the story of a hero, a prince named Beowulf, who helps rid the Danes of the monster Grendel and tells of his heroic acts fighting Grendel's mother and a Dragon. Throughout the epic, the Anglo-Saxon story teller uses many elements to build depth to the characters. Just a few of the important character elements in Beowulf are Wealth & Honor, Biblical, and Man vs. Wild themes. Many of the characters in Beowulf are defined by their status. But, in addition to status, the Anglo-Saxon culture also adds an element of honor. To the Anglo-Saxons, a character's importance, as well as their wealth and stat ...
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The Time Machine - 1,400 words
the novel The Time Machine, H.G. Wells shows the reader a pessimistic glimpse of what he perceives to be the future of the industrial world. The way the writer tells the story, he tries to get the reader to believe what he believes in the fourth dimension, the time machine, and his pessimistic future. For the writer of fantastic stories to help the reader play the game properly, he must help him in every possible unobtrusive way to domesticate the impossible hypothesis. He must trick him into an unwary concession to some plausible assumption and get on with his story while the illusion holds. This is exactly Wells technique in The Time Machine .(Hillegas p. 200) The Time Machine was mostly b ...
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Analysis Of Shakespeares Twelfth Night - 786 words
William Shakespeare, arguably the most important writer in all of English literature, is certainly the most influential playwright of the English Renaissance. Born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon in rural northern England, he was the son of a middle-class glovemaker. Competing against such illustrious company as Christopher Marlowe and Ben Johnson, Shakespeare quickly became one of the most popular playwrights in the city of London and a favorite of the monarch, the powerful and long-lived Queen Elizabeth I. Shakespeare wrote thirty-eight plays in the course of his twenty-five-year career; a few of them apparently in collaboration with other people, but most of them solo. Twelfth Night was wr ...
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