Characterization Of Democratic Republicans - 733 words
The Democratic Republicans were almost always characterized as believing in following the strict construction of the constitution. They were opposed to the loose interpretation the Federalists used. The presidencies of Jefferson and Madison proved this characterization to be somewhat accurate. It is true that both Jefferson and Madison supported the ideas of the Democratic Rebublicans but, they also did many things that contradicted them. In Thomas Jefferson's letter to Gideon Granger, Jefferson shows his ideas on how the Constitution should be interpreted and how they oppose that of the Federalists. Jefferson tells Granger that he believes they will be able to obtain a legislature which wil ...
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Modernism And The Great Gatsby - 1,966 words
To understand modern literature, one must develop a sense of the structured and ordered lifestyle prior to modern culture. Before the era of modernism, lifestyles were systematically organized through standard traditions. When World War I started, Americans felt the impact of modernism at its strongest with men going off to battle and women working in factories. Lifestyles were beginning to divert from family traditions. People started to abandon their traditional values and adapt to the challenges that were altering lifestyles and thus modernism surfaced. Modernism did not have one specific definition, but an array of definitions and interpretations. The modernist authors who were beginning ...
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Hunger For The Divine - 316 words
"People long to go on pilgrimages, and pious wanderers to visit strange lands and far-off shrines in different countries." The Later Middle Ages were a time with many conflicting issues and positions. On one hand there was the church officials who were constantly fighting in their own ranks. The Great Schism is a great example of church quarreling. France and its satellite nations all recognized Clement VII while the rest of Europe agreed that Urban VI was the one true pope. On the other hand, religious reformers Eckhart who believed that if you renounced all sense of selfhood one could go back into your innermost recesses and God would be there. John Wyclif believed that there were a predet ...
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Queen Elizabeth I - 352 words
Elizabeth I was born in Greenwhich on September 7, 1533, the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. Her early life was full of uncertainties, and her chances of succeeding to the throne seemed very slim when her half-brother Edward was born. She was then the third in line behind her half-sister, Princess Mary. Elizabeth succeeded to the throne at the age of twenty-five after her sister's death to cancer. The image of Elizabeth's reign is one of triumph and sucess. SHe saw many brave voyages of discovery, including tthose of Francis Drake and Walter Raleigh, particuly to the Americas. THe arts flourished, theaters thrived and miniature painting reached its high point. Import ...
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Germany - 809 words
Germany stretches from the Alps to the Baltic Sea. It includes large mountains, hills, rivers, forests, and planes. Elevations in Germany range from sea level to 9718 feet. Temperatures average 48 degrees, and rainfall in some areas reaches 59 inches. About 81 million people who produce products from cars to chemicals to textiles, and even the trolley witch run in San Diego populate Germany. Aside from its rich culture and landscape, Germany also has an enormous history. World war one began on July 28, 1914 shortly after the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand in Serbia. Austria declared war on Serbia and so started one of the most fierce and bloody battles in history. The war, which ...
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Laissez Faire - 1,062 words
... demand. With falling demand for output, business investment sank. High tariffs prevented an export-driven growth stimulus (2). (1) Flexible and falling prices, wages, and interest rates could offset an economic slowdown in several ways. In a business downturn, a decrease in labor demand and layoffs lead to a decrease in wages. Lower wages reduce the relative price of employing labor relative to capital and create an offsetting increase in the demand for labor. If prices fall further than wages, then purchasing power increases. Furthermore, with falling prices, the value of wealth holdings also increases - both effects contribute to increased consumption, offsetting the initial decrease ...
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Germany During Wwii - 767 words
In Germany during WWII many things were going on in the economy, the social problems and with the politics. Germany was unstable and wanted to explode upon the world. Most of the people that were German citizens were very against the jews. Probably due to all the propaganda. Also during the war the armies caused food shortages because an army runs on its stomach. Hitler made many discriminative law/bills against the Jewish people. World War II was a time when many things were going on in Germany with everyone and everything. The economy of the Germans was not really even worth the paper it was printed on.(ck) The currency at the last few months of the war was almost one million of there mark ...
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Nationalism - 1,954 words
Nationalism is a popular sentiment that places the existence and well-being of the nation highest in the scale of political loyalties. In political terms, it signifies a person's willingness to work for the nation against foreign domination, whether political, economic, or cultural. Nationalism also implies a group's consciousness of shared history, language, race, and values. Its significance lies in its role in supplying the ties that make the nation-state a cohesive viable entity. Nationalism belongs to the modern world. Before the 18th century, people gave their loyalty to their communities, tribes, feudal lords, princes, religious groups, or other universal principles. Borders could thu ...
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Great Depression - 1,562 words
The Great Depression took place from 1930 to 1939. During this time the prices of stock fell 40%. 9,000 banks went out of business and 9 million savings accounts were wiped out. 86,000 businesses failed, and wages were decreased by an average of 60%. The unemployment rate went from 9% all the way to 25%, about 15 million jobless Economic Indicators of the Great Depression Indicator 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 (in millions) 2.0 1.6 4.3 8.0 12.1 12.8 production workers (constant $) $27.00 $28.55 $25.84 $22.62 $17.05 $17.71 financial difficulties 499 659 1,352 2,294 1,456 4,004 (in billions of $'s) $2.9 $3.1 $3.3 $3.6 $4.7 $4.6 (in billions of $'s) $5.8 $5.4 $4.0 $2.9 $2.3 $2.1 The end of Wor ...
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Legalize Prostitution Misc - 1,738 words
Prostitution: Prostitution might appear to be an odd topic for historical inquiry. As "the world's oldest profession," concerned with buying and selling something as "natural" and "unchanging" as sex, it might seem to have no history. However, prostitution is subject to historical change and is shaped by the society in which it exists. In the United States, over the last couple hundred years, the nature of prostitution and the experiences of people working as prostitutes have varied a great deal. The character of women's economic options has affected them by economic depression, by wars, by changing popular attitudes and, in particular, by the law and the ways in which the police, the courts ...
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The Estates General - 1,275 words
The first phase of the French Revolution The Estates General was split up into three estates or social classes. This system divided 25 million people into these estates very disproportionately. The first estate contained only one hundred thousand people, which was only a fraction of a percentage of the population. These people were referred to as the "clergy". These people were part of the church. They weren't even taxed really. They only had to give some sort of a gift to the government every five years, and they owned ten percent of the land in France. The second estate was composed of the "nobles". The second estate composed of only four hundred thousand people, which was 1.6 percent of t ...
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Hey Hey Hey - 1,235 words
The 1920's was a period of general prosperity for many Americans but the decade ended with the most serious depression in United States history. When Herbert Hoover (31st president) took oath into office in March 1929, trade was booming, industry was flourishing. Unemployment was low, wages were up, prices were steady and corporations were making big profits and paying fat dividends. Before the end of Hoover's first year in office, the stock market had collapsed. The nation was beginning to slide into the worst depression in history. By the time Hoover left office in 1933, many citizens had lost faith in their business leaders. Some had begun to question the American economic system and even ...
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British Appeasement - 1,105 words
TITLE: Why did the British government follow a policy of appeasement in the 1930s? After World War I Germany limped back, licking its wounds that the Treaty of Versailles had so mercilessly rubbed in salt. As one looks back on the events leading up to World War II it has to be asked whether France and England helped to start World War II by their actions at Versailles. It seems that the revenge that the Allies took at the Treaty came back to haunt them with the aggression of Hitler in 1936. However, we can not blame Neville Chamberlain for something with which he had no part. Chamberlains actions in the years 1936 to 1939 are enough to help one appreciate the dilemma he found himself in. Cha ...
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Article Of Confederation - 977 words
Independence from Britain made necessary the establishment of a new government. Eleven states drew up new constitutions; Connecticut and Rhode Island revised colonial charters. The Articles of Confederation created a loose union of near-sovereign states. The Confederation was inadequate and was failing in the structure of government. They also were in deep trouble, financially and economically. The Articles of Confederation probably achieved its most important success in the handling of west diplomatic and financial concerns. In evaluting post-American Revolutionary War, overall the Articles of Confederation did not provide the United States with an effective government Upon Independence, fi ...
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French Rev - 1,404 words
The boulevards were like all the other streets, brilliantly illuminated, with immense numbers of people walking up and down on this late February evening. Men, women, and children were rejoicing, as the terrible struggles of the day had ceased. Near the Hotel des Capucines there was a heavy force of military troops, who''s main purpose seemed to be directing traffic. All was tranquil for some time; presently a column of unarmed students and artisans marched down the boulevard singing. Suddenly a shot echoed throughout the city, an entire squadron of troops charged the crowd with muskets blazing and swords drawn. Percy B. St John was an eyewitness to the events herein described; the following ...
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20th Century Theater - 1,035 words
At the beginning of the twentieth century, American theatre was heavily dominated by commercialism. In 1909, an attempt to establish a European-style art theatre in New York City was made (Geisinger, 241). The building was so cavernous and unsuited for experimental work that the project failed after two seasons. Dedicated to producing the best of European and classical drama and to fostering new American plays, the first production groups of the 1900s were amateurs (Geisinger, 241). The memberships were organized by subscription, so that true experiment could be conducted without commercial pressure. One of the first of these companies in New York City was the Washington Square Players. From ...
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Nazi - 1,546 words
In December 1929, the German government faced a total financial crisis, facing a short fall of 1.5 billion marks in anticipated revenues. It occurred then that the world would lie in darkness, where deaths would override births dramatically, and where the lives of those of a different race, those opposed to the Nazi rule would lie. In the 1920s, Germany encountered a great mired in an economic depression. Millions of citizens suffered hunger and many remained out of work. The national spirit of the once-proud people became low. The Germans became enraged by their loss of World War I and stood humiliated by the terms they had to accept in 1919 the treaty of Versailles. The War had a destructi ...
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Homeward Bound - 922 words
Homeward Bound differs from the other works read to this point in that it is a social history. The author, Elaine Tyler May, looks at statistics derived from marriage and family patterns, and then attempts to show how the politics of the Cold War impacted people's decisions about when to marry, how many children to have, and whether to be a one- or two-income family. In May's opinion, the politics of the Cold War determined, to a large extent, how people of childbearing age made decisions regarding their family lives. In the introduction, May identifies the historical problem Homeward Bound attempts to solve: the post-war baby boom. She notes that historians have looked at the post-war baby ...
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Future Invasion Of Mexico - 1,140 words
In the past decade, the discussion about Mexico in Washington has changed. The discussion used to focus on Mexico's stability and growth that was provided by their unique one party system. Over the past decade, the Mexican one party governmental system has fallen apart, their economy has severely declined, and violence and corruption have become major problems. The United States can no longer take for granted political and economic stability in Mexico. The problems that are occurring in Mexico do not only hurt Mexico's economy, but there is a large strain put on the American economy. If these problems in Mexico escalate to a level in which the American economy is severely hurt, it is foresee ...
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Grover Clevland - 1,223 words
Cleveland was the son of Richard Falley Cleveland, an itinerant Presbyterian minister, and Ann Neal. The death of Grover Cleveland's father in 1853 forced him to abandon school in order to support his mother and sisters. After clerking in a law firm in Buffalo, New York, he was admitted to the bar in 1859 and soon entered politics as a member of the Democratic Party. During the Civil War he was drafted but hired a substitute so that he could care for his mother--an altogether legal procedure but one that would make him vulnerable to political attack in the future. In 1863 he became assistant district attorney of Erie county, New York, and in 1870-73 he served as county sheriff. With this sli ...
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