Lisbon Earthquake - 1,103 words
The earthquake began at 9:30 on November 1st, 1755, and was centered in the Atlantic Ocean, about 200 km WSW of Cape St. Vincent. The total duration of shaking lasted ten minutes and was comprised of three distinct jolts. Effects from the earthquake were far reaching. The worst damage occurred in the south-west of Portugal. Lisbon, the Portuguese capital, was the largest and the most important of the cities damaged. Severe shaking was felt in North Africa and there was heavy loss of life in Fez and Mequinez. Moderate damage was done in Algiers and in southwest Spain. Shaking was also felt in France, Switzerland, and Northern Italy. A devastating fire following the earthquake destroyed a larg ...
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Earthquake - 1,070 words
Why did a dictatorship emerge in Germany in 1933 and not The Weimar Republic was bound to fail sooner or later given its weakness at birth and the values it was associated with however as to why Hitler was able to take power in 1933 and not before is an interesting question that requires much thought and attention. It has being proven throughout history that for extreme parties such as the NSDAP or the Communist party to gain mass support there has to be an economic crisis. The Nazi party was the one which eventually turned out ahead of the others, partly because of their leader, Adolf Hitler and partly because of their wider appeal and superior organisation. After it was proven that to rise ...
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The Terrible Earthquake In Armenia - 401 words
As an Armenian poet Hovaness Tumanyan said,"No sun, no shine, no butterflies, no bees, no birds, December." The beauty has gone since the earthquake occured. We live in the world today that buziness, commerce, science, technology, changes very fast. Even in the new century scientists can't predict the disaster, the earthquake . The five-minute earthquake can destroy a huge country. Armenia was a highly industrialized country. Agriculture was the second largest sector of the Armenian economy. The country was surrounded by hills and mountains. Armenia was famous for its factories,universities, historical museums, theatres, and churches. Before the earthquake , Armenia was a very beautiful , gr ...
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Kobe Earthquake - 735 words
An earthquake struck on the 17th January at 5:46 am in the south-central part of Japan. This earthquake was 7.2 on the richter scale and caused mass destruction. It was called The Great Hanshin Earthquake. Its focus was only 30 km below ground. Shock waves travelled to the surface and splintered buildings, roads and mains supplies of gas water and electricity. The Japanese were in a hard to live state. This also hit Osaka and Kyoto. Kobe has a 1.5 million population its self. All children experiencing the vibrating dived under their desks using them as shelters for protection. This stopped falling things hitting them. The plates which came into contact with each other were the Pacific and Eu ...
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Earthquake Loads & Earthquake Resistant Design Of Buildings - 1,820 words
1. 1 2. Summary 2 3. Earthquake Design - A Conceptual Review 2 4. Earthquake Resisting Performance Expectations 3 5. Key Material Parameters for Effective Earthquake Resistant Design 3 6. Earthquake Design Level Ground Motion 4 6.1. Elastic Response Spectra 4 6.2. Relative Seismicity 5 6.3. Soil amplification 6 7. Derivation of Ductile Design Response Spectra 7 8. Analysis and Earthquake Resistant Design Principles 8 8.1. The Basic Principles of Earthquake Resistant Design 8 8.2. Controls of the Analysis Procedure 8 8.3. The 'Conventional' Earthquake Design Procedure 11 9. The Capacity Design Philosophy for Earthquake Resistance 11 9.1. General Approach 11 9.2. The Implications of Capacity D ...
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Earthquake Loads & Earthquake Resistant Design Of Buildings - 1,955 words
... . Spectra are developed by calculating the of response a single mass oscillator (usually with 5% critical damping present) to the design level earthquake motion. Engineers traditionally have shown a preference for acceleration spectra, since the resulting coefficient, when multiplied by the seismic mass, results in the lateral base shear for the building. In Australia  and the Uniformed Building Code used in the western USA  these spectra are presented as a simple uniform coefficient followed by an exponential decay. The New Zealand Loadings Standard  prescribes an elastic response spectrum, derived using a uniform risk approach, for each soil class. The modern trend as indicate ...
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Earthquake Loads & Earthquake Resistant Design Of Buildings - 2,073 words
... on from each mode using an appropriate modal combination technique. 11) Scale the elastic deformation obtained from the analysis to allow for post-elastic deformations and check that the overall deformation of the structure and that the inter-storey drift limits are within acceptable limits. (Note: The overall building deformation checks usually control boundary edge clearance requirements to avert blocks pounding each other. The inter-storey drift limits control the onset of non-structural damage (a Serviceability Limit State criteria) and also the necessity to consider second order P- effects.) 7.3. The 'Conventional' Earthquake Design Procedure The conventional engineering ...
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Earthquake Loads & Earthquake Resistant Design Of Buildings - 2,009 words
... se dynamic response may also introduce twisting and torsional effects into the response, either directly as a function of the input ground motion, or because of variations in the spatial distribution of seismic mass, or because of the structure being irregular in plan. Measures employed to counter these effects typically involve distributing the lateral load resisting systems about the building plan and attempting to limit the plan profile to being reasonably regular and compact. Most modern earthquake loading standards require the designer to assess the Centre of Rigidity (CoR) of the structural system, and the centre of mass (CoM) of the uniformly distributed seismic mass. The eccentri ...
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Comparing Lisbon Earthquake And Auschwitz - 978 words
In 1755, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale occurred in Lisbon, Portugal, changing European history and philosophy. But how does one geologic event trigger a paradigm shift from naturalism to liberalism Naturalism unites with rationalism during the Age of Enlightenment, a philosophical movement during the 18th century, which rejects traditional social, religious and political ideas with an emphasis on rationalism. People believe in a world, which follows logical rules, where reason can be used to discover and implement a perfect society. The earthquake in Lisbon shook the very foundation of their beliefs. The earthquake began was centered in the Atlantic Ocean, about 200 km WSW ...
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Chinese Immigrater - 1,752 words
Interrogations of Chinese Immigrants at Angel Island Like Ellis Island in New York Harbor, Angel Island in San Francisco Bay was an entry point for immigrants in the early 20th century. The Angel Island immigration station processed small numbers of immigrants from Japan, Italy, and other parts of the world and was the key place of interrogation and detention for immigrants from China ("Angel Island Over View, CD-ROM). Angel Island in 1910 to enforce the Chinese Exclusion Act passed in 1882 and renewed in 1892 and 1902. Despite Chinese contributions to building the American West before 1880, the U.S. enacted laws prohibiting the migration of Chinese laborers after 1882 and accepting only mer ...
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Candide - 1,931 words
Translated with an Introduction by John Butt In a world of bureaucrats, engineers, and producers, Voltaire is the necessary philosopher. While Candide is without a doubt a farcical, humorous, and far-fetched tale, a seriousness lies beneath its satirical veneer. Candide is the story of an innocent young man embarking on a series of adventures during which he discovers much evil in the world. Throughout his journey Candide believes in and adheres to the philosophy of his teacher, Pangloss, that "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds." This philosophy was prevalent during Voltaire's day, and Candide is Voltaire's scathing response to what he saw as an absurd belief that for it ...
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Roman Colusseum - 1,514 words
... or changes of attitude towards Christians came with the Constantine the Great. He last exchanged the purple pagan robes for the white robes of Christian faith. However paganism continued until 392, when Theodosius I and Valentinian II prohibited any form of pagan sacrifice. However it was Honorius who abolished the games of the Colosseum, but criminals were still persecuted there for more than one-hundred years. 11 After that it was generally used up until the end of the sixth century for concerts, sermons, and bullfights. The structure itself of the Colloseum can be summarized as the symbol of Rome and it's respect across the world: mammouth. The overall plan is a huge elliptical struct ...
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Frank Lloyd Wright - 1,442 words
NOTE: Received an "A" with some corrections. If your professor is one who checks bibliography's be careful with mine. American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright is considered the pioneer in modern style and one of the greatest figures in twentieth-century architecture (Twombly, 16). According to Frank Lloyd Wright: having a good start, not only do I fully intend to be the greatest architect who has yet lived, but fully intend to be the greatest architect who will ever live. Yes, I intend to be the greatest architect of all time. It appears that from the beginning, Frank Lloyd Wright was destined by fate, or determination, or by his mothers support, to be one of the most innovative and celebrated ...
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Advanced Micro Devices - 1,168 words
... each balance sheet date for assets and liabilities and a weighted-average exchange rate for each period for income statement items. Translation adjustments are recorded as a separate component of stockholders' equity in the U.S. dollar financial statements. AMD uses foreign exchange forward and option contracts to reduce their exposure to currency fluctuations on net monetary assets position in their foreign subsidiaries, liabilities for products purchased from FASL, fixed asset purchase commitments and obligations for future investments in AMD Saxony. They had $13 million (notional amount) of short-term foreign currency forward contracts denominated in the Japanese yen, German mark and ...
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None Provided - 3,339 words
When evaluating the quality of EssayEdge's edits, please bear in mind the quality of the original version to understand the dramatic improvement made to the essay. The below edit and critique earned this comment from the customer: I would like to thank you for a job well done! You improved upon these essays immensely. Unedited version will contain poor writing and uncorrected typos. To view the edited version and critique, please click here. 1- Please discuss the factors, both professional and personal, influencing the career decisions you have made that, in turn, have led you to your current position. What are your career goals for the future, and why is now the appropriate time to pursue a ...
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Candide Vs The Book Of Job - 1,098 words
Religion has been a staple of human society since the dawn of recorded history and probably traces back even further. All religions found in history have one common theme between them besides their belief in a supreme power. Each religion helps explain what man cannot. Since Emperor Constantine changed the Roman Empire to Christianity, the faith has dominated western civilization. Voltaire, one of the most prominent philosophers of the Enlightenment, deals with the principles of Christianity in the book, Candide. Through an allegory of the Book of Job in the Old Testament of the Bible, Voltaire questions the struggles of men on Earth. Voltaires main character, Candide, is somewhat of a simpl ...
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Lisbon - 1,011 words
The 1755 Lisbon Earthquake and Candide In 1755, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale occurred in Lisbon, Portugal, changing European history and philosophy. But how does one geologic event trigger a paradigm shift from naturalism to liberalism Naturalism unites with rationalism during the Age of Enlightenment, a philosophical movement during the 18th century, which rejects traditional social, religious and political ideas with an emphasis on rationalism. People believe in a world, which follows logical rules, where reason can be used to discover and implement a perfect society. The earthquake in Lisbon shook the very foundation of their beliefs. The Age of Enlightenment or Age of ...
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Global Population - 459 words
One of the biggest problems with the world today is our rapidly growing global population. With the current population being at over 6 billion, every second five people are born and two people die which means the population grows by 3 people per second. I predict that if we do not do something about this problem soon, the Earth is going to reach its maximum capacity and we will slowly run out of resources, which could cause wide-spread famine and eventually lead to the population dropping down to a normal level again, or perhaps there may be a natural disaster such as a worldwide earthquake that would leave only a select 1000 people living. We need to act now to prevent a disaster such as th ...
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Volcanoes - 1,427 words
... locked into the melted minerals. If volcanic rocks erupt on the earth's crust, such as the Andean volcanoes, then magma can interact with carbonate rocks such as chalk as it travels up through the mantle or lower crust, picking up carbon dioxide on the way. In subduction zones, where the ocean floor goes down into the mantle some carbonate rocks do get taken down and melted, recycling their carbon dioxide content, but this is a minor source compared with the mantle. Carbon is quite common deep in the earth, found either as the element itself (graphite or diamond under very high pressures), or as carbon dioxide. None of the common minerals in magmatic rock contains carbon, so when magma ...
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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - 1,782 words
Have you ever witnessed someone being badly injured or even killed? Have you ever been involved in a fire, flood, or any other natural disaster? The estimated lifetime prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among adult Americans is 7.8%, with men calculating at 5% and women at 10.4%, twice as likely as men to have PTSD at some point in their lives. This represents a small proportion of those who have experienced at least one traumatic event, for 60.7% of men and 51.2% of women reported at least one traumatic event. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or PTSD, is a psychiatric disorder that can occur in victims who experience or witness life-threatening events, and this disorder can be fami ...
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