Drug Laws - 4,691 words
NOTE:This draft document represents a joint effort by the SAMHSA/CSAP Division of Workplace Programs and members of the SAMHSA Drug Testing Advisory Board (DTAB). It has not been reviewed by all members of the DTAB, by industry working groups, or by other Federal agencies. This draft document is the first release to a wider audience. It will serve as the basis for developing the guidelines for Federal Workplace Drug Testing Programs. All interested parties are invited to comment on the draft document. Comments may be mailed to the Division of Workplace Programs, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockwall II, Suite 815, Rockville, Maryland 20857, by fax (301-443-3031), or by email: *mailto:* or *mailto:* ...
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Drug Laws - 5,063 words
... collection, the use of a non-Federal form is not a reason for the laboratory to reject the specimen for testing or for the MRO to cancel the test. (b) If the testing facility or the MRO discovers the use of the incorrect form, a signed statement must be obtained from the collector stating the reason why the Federal CCF was not used for the regulated collection. (a) A collection device is considered to be the following for each type of specimen collected: (1) For urine, it is the single-use plastic specimen container and/or bottle. (2) For hair, it is the foil and single-use plastic bag in which the hair sample is placed. (3) For oral fluid, it is the applicator, pad, or aspirator placed ...
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Drug Abuse With Athletes - 1,302 words
Drugs have been a problem in our society for many years. They have been used and abused by many groups, including professional athletes. It is certainly quite common to hear about or read about athletes and drug use. Although drugs have a lengthy history of use by athletes, they have varied effects on the body and different preventions. Much of the world's supply of cocaine is produced in South America. Thousands of years ago, the ancient Incas of Peru chewed coca leaves because they made it possible for them to work in the high mountains of the land for longer periods of time. In the 1880's Bolivian soldiers were given the drug to help them gain endurance and overcome fatigue. It wasn't unt ...
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Drug Abuse With Athletes - 1,229 words
... of energy, reduced levels of drive and ambition, apathy, depression, agitation, and withdrawal from previous interests. It's believed that this syndrome can be reversed by abstinence. Marijuana affects most people socially too. . Some take place internally and some are irreversible. Males who take large doses of anabolic steroids typically experience changes in sexual characteristics. Some possible side effects are shrinking of testicles, reduced sperm count, impotence, balding, difficulty in urinating, development of breasts, and enlarged prostate. Females may experience masculinization as well as other problems. They experience growth of facial hair, changes in or cessation of the men ...
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The Drug Debate - 945 words
For over twenty years the drug debate has been argued over and over. The drug war in the United States has been historically seen as a costly, yet necessary component of public policy; a policy that has been under substantial political fire for years. As we enter a new century, many are reconsidering their feelings towards the drug war. Critics cite the billions of dollars spent every year as well as the overflowing prison problem as reasons to cut back, and even legalize some or all recreational drugs. Those who are in favor of the war on drugs encourage its funding and continuation because of the perceived link between drugs and crime, and the detrimental health effects and medical economi ...
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Drug Addiction - 4,098 words
The emphasis is on biological mechanisms underlying addiction, although some other factors influencing drug addiction will also be discussed. The presentation is limited primarily to psychomotor stimulants (e.g., amphetamine, cocaine) and opiates (e.g., heroin, morphine) for two reasons. First, considerable knowledge has been gained during the past 15 years regarding the neurobiological mechanisms mediating their addictive properties. Second, these two pharmacological classes represent the best examples of potent addictive drugs, and the elucidation of their addiction potential can provide a framework for understanding abuse and addiction to other psychotropic agents. Some psychologists and ...
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Drug Addiction - 4,079 words
... ve drugs. The Addiction Research Center Inventory, an empirically derived test designed to measure the subjective effects of addictive drugs, detects the mood-elevating effects of psychomotor stimulants and opiates on the same scale (see Haertzen and Hickey 1987). On the other hand, the subjective-effects of these two drug classes can be easily distinguished. This is not surprising considering that ex-addicts report a preference for heroin over morphine (Martin and Fraser 1961), even though heroin is rapidly converted to morphine after entering the brain (Jaffe and Martin 1975). This drug preference is probably related to pharmacokinetic differences in these two compounds which may produ ...
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Drug Legalization - 1,840 words
Should Drugs Be Legalized In America? As the nation's drug problem persists, issues continue to haunt communities. The question is will legalizing drugs really help or will legalization make problems increase in our society? If drugs remain illegal, a number of complications that could appear as a result of legalization will never occur. Keeping drugs illegal poses a lesser problem than legalization. Drugs should not be legalized not only because legalization is bad for the country but also because it is morally wrong. Several problems would result if drugs were legalized. First, if drugs were to be legalized, they would be cheaper than they cost now. If they were cheaper, then the drug deal ...
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Drug Trafficking Between Us And South America - 1,575 words
Approaching and addressing international drug issues in 1999 is not a simple task due to numerous contradictions that involve the inherent nature of economics, politics, culture, and individual ideologies. The normal attributes of drugs, as well as the changing characteristics of these mind-altering substances, makes them the center of complex studies that end up producing contradictory and inconclusive reports. Furthermore, confusion results from the study of available literature due to moral prejudices and sensationalism by journalists. There is a scarcity of serious, objective research as well as a lack of reliable data. Moreover, discourses corresponding to specific economic and politica ...
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Drug Trafficking Between Us And South America - 1,530 words
... ashingtons priority of speeding up border crossings has led to a neglect of the already shrinking interdiction process. DEA agents feel powerless because their requests to mount special operations south of the border including attempts to gain information regarding Mexican politicians corruption by Mexican cartels- are denied due to the current administrations intent to avoid displeasure by the government in Mexico City. In late 1996, the Juarez Cartel, Mexicos most powerful drug trafficking organization, was revealed as the chief instigator in a bribing scandal involving Mexican drug czar General Jesus Gutierrez Rebeollo. The following spring, further corruption within the Mexican gove ...
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The Performanceenhancing Drug Controversy - 1,337 words
Performance-enhancing drugs are a topic in todays society which is currently under hot debate. Performance-enhancing drugs are substances which are used to stimulate certain areas of the body to make an athlete excel in a certain event. The most common form of performance-enhancing drugs are called steroids. According to Hank Nuwer in his book Steroids, steroids are ...compounds that are necessary for the well-being of many living creatures, including human beings. These include sex hormones, bile acids, and cholesterol (15). Steroids are used in the medical field to treat many ailments, and this use is not the use which is currently under controversy. The medical reasons are to treat anemia ...
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The Performanceenhancing Drug Controversy - 1,282 words
... use such dangerous materials? That is one question no one can yet answer. Performance-enhancing drugs are not solely used by men in these types of activities. Women also have been known to use them, especially Chinese women. For example, there was quite a controversy in the recent National Games in Shanghai, China. According to Phillip Whitten of The New Republic, ...in the weight-lifting arena alone, Chinese women eclipsed every world record in all nine weight classes...in some weight-lifting events, the old marks were passed by 60 pounds or more--in a sport which usually measures world record improvements in one- or two-pound increments (10). Also in the same article, Whitten describes ...
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Pregnant Drug Users - 1,944 words
Many of us are use to hearing about the War on Drugs or Mothers Against Drunk Drivers (MADD), but not every day we hear about groups trying to stop mothers from killing their unborn child. The method that these mothers are using to kill or permanently hurt their unborn child is by using drugs during their pregnancy. Should these women go to jail for murdering or should they get help and pretend that nothing happened? Like every situation in our life, we must do what is right, and we must fight for what we know is right. Paul A. Logli, a prosecutor for the state of Illinois argues that it is the governments duty to enforce health of unborn fetuses, and that the mothers of these victims should ...
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The Effects Of Drug Use - 1,283 words
Maybe some of us have a good idea that the illegal drug business is still huge but covered somewhere among the "black" economy markets. After all the numbers one could hear tossed around, I am afraid that the sad truth could be, that no one really knows just how huge this business might be, how many people die, how much blood money has been made and than laundered into legal businesses. It is terrible to imagine how many subways and basements come to be "the places for being in the clouds". According to the National Drug Prevention League drugs are an object of the fastest growing trade, except the Internet. Some of you might share my opinion that it is a billion-dollar industry that takes a ...
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Mandatory Drug Testing - 1,880 words
It has become all too common for governmental institutions across the nation to pass rules saying that certain people are subject to random drug testing. The central question that is raised deals with the righteousness of being subjected to testing even when there is no overwhelming warrant. Under the protection of the unreasonable search and seizures, including bodily searches, in the fourth amendment of the constitution, certain people, such as students and welfare recipients, to name a few, feel that their rights as citizens and human beings are being violated when they have to submit to mandatory drug tests, but on the other side there are those who believe that if someone is willing to ...
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Drug Testing - 622 words
Drug Testing: Does it Deter Abuse? Drug testing in the work place is on a rise. Most companies are doing this because it is good for public relations and it is also good for an insurance decrease. The concepts of drug testing have become an increased concern for many companies in the more recent years. More companies are beginning to use it and more people are having problems with it. The big question here is does it deter abuse?. For some people drug testing is an invasion of privacy, and for others it is a good way to start another type of drug. (Crawford 15) There are two types of addiction, mental and physical. These are two very serious addictions. For many the physical addiction is the ...
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Drug Abuse - 1,105 words
Like perscription drugs, illegal drugs are powerfull substances. People use drugs for mind altering reasons. Illegal drugs can change the way the brain normally works. When some who uses drugs there judgement,thinking,feelings and actions change along with there apperiance. When pepole use cocaine for the first time they enjoy the "high". After using cocain over time you begin to lose weight because the effects of the drug cause you to lose your appetit. You also find your self having trouble sleeping and you are often in a Illegal drugs also can cause unwanted side effects. These effects are different with each person: these effects include upset stomach,dizzenes,drowsiness,headache,vomitin ...
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How To Handle Drug Abuse - 1,116 words
There are many different ways to deal with drugs & drug abuse, and there are wrong ways & right ones! It depends on how you look at it & handle it! Many young people experiment with drugs. This is a fact of life. There is no getting away from it; we are a drug using society. Many of us seek a easy way out solution for a variety of conditions both physical and emotional, and alcohol and tobacco use is a big part in our society. Drugs are used for medical, social or recreational reasons. With this in mind it is easy to overlook young peoples drug use and certainly research reveals that in some areas over half of 15/16 year olds have used an illegal drug. Latest research findings however revea ...
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Drug Addiction In The Family - 831 words
The Day in the Life of A Drug Addict I awoke to the smell of an old house, the lights were off and the house was cold and damp. Doug was nudging me saying "Wake-up! I got us a wake-up . . . get out of bed!" He was wide awake and holding a sixteenth of cocaine in his hand. My stomach started churring as I got up and ran to the restroom. He had woken me up many days like this but today Doug really had the dope. He enjoyed waking me up and making me think he had some After I threw up, I washed my face leaving the water running, and searched for the needles hidden under the cabinet. I gave Doug the spoon and I tried to pull thirty units of water into the syringe. Doug hit me on the side of my he ...
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Mandatory Minimum Drug Sentences - 1,551 words
Mandatory minimum drug sentences should be eliminated. First and foremost the mandatory minimum punishment that is given does not fit the crime. Second of all, Judges can not sentence below a mandatory minimum unless the defendant provides substantial assistance. The final reason that they should be eliminated is because they have a more of an impact on minorities. These are only a few of the reasons why mandatory minimum drug sentences should be taken away. The policy has become a debated topic, with its implications reaching beyond those that affect just the drug dealers and users. Mandatory minimum laws have been among the more popular crime-fighting measures of recent years. Such laws re ...
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