The Transatlantic Slave - 2,910 words
From the 1520s to the 1860s an estimated 11 to 12 million African men, women, and children were forcibly embarked on European vessels for a life of slavery in the Western Hemisphere. Many more Africans were captured or purchased in the interior of the continent but a large number died before reaching the coast. About 9 to 10 million Africans survived the Atlantic crossing to be purchased by planters and traders in the New World, where they worked principally as slave laborers in plantation economies requiring a large workforce. African peoples were transported from numerous coastal outlets from the Senegal River in West Africa and hundreds of trading sites along the coast as far south as Ben ...
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Ice Age Extinctions Of The Megafauna - 1,630 words
... vironments than do smaller animals. Larger animals are safer from predators than small animals are, but it is also harder for them to sustain in trying conditions. Many of the larger animals such as mammoths and bison travel in herds, and that, along with their large size, protects them from predators. However, when the predator is Mother Nature, there is virtually no defense. For modern day elephants, drought is the biggest concern. It can take twenty percent of a herd every year, but the elephants continue to exist (Ward, 1997). It would have been harder though, for the mammoths and mastodons to survive a drought. Because of their size and weight, the Ice Age Proboscidea had longer ges ...
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The Fall Of The Roman Empire - 1,712 words
The Roman Empire at its peak governed over most of the Eastern world. After the death of Julius Caesar, who had destroyed the Roman Republic, an empire was the easiest was to keep the state going (Kagan-1998-pg. 92). An empire is rule by an emperor, whose range of power is virtually unlimited (Grant-1990-pg.164). Because of the Emperors supreme power, careful selection of these persons is necessary. Changes in the Emperor selection process lead to a selection of leaders who were distracted with tasks other than the development and continuance of the Empire. These changes in the selection process and the irresponsibility in many emperors was a major factor in the decay and collapse of the Rom ...
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Hydrology - 896 words
bjbjWW -. = = O ] ~ $ o ' ; ' ' ' ~ 0 , , ~ ' Z ' : g ~ Water Resource Engineering Dealing with the natural resources of our environment, both in management capacities for present needs and safety and in planning for the future available resources, is the responsibility of water resource engineers. Working in the fields of Hydrology and Hydraulics, water resource engineers help to guarantee the availability and quality of public water supplies and the timely handling of excess water, in any of its forms. Water resource engineering includes the analysis of water supply, treatment and storage, watershed management, which includes surface and ground water ...
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Historical Intro Of The Challenge To Social Classes - 1,378 words
The historical introduction of the Challenge to Social Classes A journey through the twentieth century in America via the trials and tribulations as offered by American novelists depicts a common social evolution. Struggle, discontent, and the inherent obstacles in life are not particularly unique to the characters of the American novelist, however the experiences and the perseverance of each have defined our country and our society in similar ways. Many novels of this period depict the hardships endured by immigrants to this country as well as those who may revert to an immigrant class at some point in life. Historically, social class was a birthright (or wrong). The content and discontent ...
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I Would Rather Dream Vancouver Than Hong Kong - 989 words
I would rather dream Vancouver than Hong Kong. With its beautiful weather conditions and natural atmosphere, Vancouver is regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Hong Kong, on the other hand, is a booming center for industry and business that suffers from high urbanization and pollution. It is this extreme difference in both climate and scenery that makes Vancouver seem like a pleasant dream, compared to the nightmare that is Hong Kong. The mountainous forests and proximity to the Pacific Coast make Vancouvers atmosphere one of relaxation and leisure. Skiing, hiking and camping are just some of the many activities that the mountains resorts of Whistler and Cypress offer. T ...
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Soil Erosion - 1,124 words
Soil erosion is a gradual process that occurs when the actions of water, wind, and other factors eat away and wear down the land, causing the soil to deteriorate or disappear completely. Soil deterioration and low quality of water due to erosion and run off has often become a severe problem around the world. Many times the problems become so severe that the land can no longer be cultivated and is abandoned. The key to minimizing soil erosion and saving the farm lands is the farmer himself. Ultimately, he is the one who must reduce the level at which erosion sediments are dislodged from his cropland. This program will discuss the erosion process, its effects on crops and the environment, and ...
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Rothschilds - 1,722 words
The Vienna branch of the Rothschild banking consortium was established by Salomon Rothschild in 1815, after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. His brother Carl established the Naples branch only a few years after him. The biggest struggle that the Rothschilds faced during these early years was acceptance. Anti-Semitism kept them out of the elite social circles, necessary realms of connection making, and thus hindered business. This was especially felt in Vienna and Naples. Salomon wasnt even able to buy a home in Vienna until 1842, as there were laws forbidding Jews from owning property within the Imperial capital. Through his wealth alone was he able to receive an exemption from this rule. He ...
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South Africa - 1,158 words
South Africa is the southernmost part of the continent of Africa. It is one of the earth's oldest and stable landmasses. This is why there are no folded mountain ranges. The only mountain ranges that are similar to that kind of range, would be those in the southern tip. This is where the north-south ranges meet an east-west range in the Paarl area. The rest of the country has been slightly pitted so that interior lakes like the Okovango Delta have no outlet to the sea. Most of the country is at an elevation of 3,000 to 6,500 feet above sea level. South Africa lies north of 35 S latitude and is surrounded on three sides by the Indian and Atlantic oceans. Two large high-pressure areas control ...
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Sub-saharan Africa - 1,451 words
Cultural determinants of fertility 5 Women's Time, and Their Role in Rural Production and Household Maintenance Systems 7 Promoting Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture 8 Infrastructure Development and Settlement Policy 10 Africa's hopes for a better future depend in large part on improving the health of its people. Sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing a period of extraordinary change. Across the continent, policy reforms are contributing to dynamic economic growth. Greater political openness has strengthened the commitment of African governments to meeting the basic needs of their people. Despite these positive trends, sub-Saharan Africa faces a development challenge greater than any other ...
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Water Table - 978 words
... e of people to the overlying land. The water is used for such activities as drinking, personal hygiene, residential maintenance, and industrial and agricultural purposes. Many of these activities involve the use and disposal of chemicals, which are potential pollutants. When these chemicals are used or disposed of incorrectly unacceptable amounts can get into the ground water and contaminate it. Several valuable aquifers have been polluted by the people living and working above them. Most human activities at the land surface cause some change in the quality of water in the aquifer beneath them. The importance of the effect of a particular activity is related to the amounts and types of c ...
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Taiwan - 1,149 words
... rge state enterprises, active regulation by the government of income disparities, high rates of saving, far-reaching government protection and support, all to benefit its native citizens. The Multinational Corporations that were introduced to the country, largely through China, assisted in creating jobs for citizens, while providing education and developmental reform. Taiwan even developed and educational policy that encouraged an annual growth of nine to ten percent, that gave the highest priority to training top technocrats. The United States aided Taiwan by giving them a direction for growth and providing an alternative to living in China with its communist policies that issued more s ...
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Asiatic Cholera - 2,579 words
The disease known as Asiatic cholera first infiltrated Great Britain in 1831, with its arrival in Sunderland1. From there, it broke out in epidemic proportions through 1832. Three more epidemics would follow the 1832 outbreak, 1848, 1854, and 1866. Cholera is defined as an acute infectious disease, originated in India, characterized by profuse vomiting, cramps, etc.2 These epidemics killed numerous Brits and effected many more. Several reasons can be seen for the continued importation and spread during these different epidemics. Amongst the most prominent is dispute within the medical community. Until Robert Koch was credited with isolating Vibrio cholerae in 18833, the community was constan ...
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Andersonville - 1,071 words
... use much suffering was made by Hoffman. He wrote to the Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, stating that Elmira could hold 10,000 prisoners transferred from other camps. Lt. Colonel Frederick Eastman was put in charge of Elmira prison. Also, another mistake by Hoffman, a letter from Hoffman to Eastman stated that only Barracks number three should be used as a prison camp. It also stated the specifics for the fence. Furthermore it said that 8,000 or 10,000 men could arrive shortly. The barracks were 100 ft. long and 16 ft. wide supposedly in excellent condition. There were 35 barracks to hold 4,000 men which were originally made to hold 3,000 men. The tents and hospital tents could hold 1,00 ...
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Zimbabwe - 511 words
ZIMBABWE It was over twenty years ago when Zimbabwe received its independence, and the country had likelihood to become an African success story: good soil, lots of mineral resources and a new government that spoke of modernization and reform. Although today Zimbabwe looks to be caught in a downward fall in economics and politics (TIME). In April 1980, the former British colony of Southern Rhodesia was internationally recognized as the independent state of Zimbabwe. The country's new government was headed by the Zimbabwe National African Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), a group of African nationalists that had fought for a different kind of independence from that declared by Ian Smith's whit ...
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Capitalism Causing Chaos - 884 words
Donald Worster wrote about the causes of both the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression in his appropriately titled book, The Dust Bowl. In his book, Worster explains how the two disastrous events were actually connected by one major cause - - capitalism. As immigrants poured into American society in the early 1900s, the cities became more inhabitable, forcing many to move further inland. The relocation was not just to help supply the new immigrants with places to live, but with places to work as well. Worster explains this by stating that What brought them to the region was a social system, a set of values, and an economic order. There is no word that so fully sums up those elements as capital ...
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Mohandus Gandhi - 1,140 words
Mohandus Gandhi has had many influences on the world today. He was born on October 2nd, 1869 in Porbandar, West India. He became one of the most respected, spiritual and political leaders of the 1900's. He acquired the name Mahatma, which means "soul force. He helped free the Indian people through nonviolent resistance, also given the name satyagraha, instead of the violent warfare that was being used by Britain. Gandhi also promoted social and economic reforms. He is still honored by his people today, as the father of the Indian nation. Life in India during the time of Gandhi was not very pleasant for an Indian. British ruled most of India and they were racist and prejudice against the Indi ...
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China Society - 1,573 words
Even since the dramatic post-1949 changes in China regarding the role of women, China has remained paternalistic in it's attitudes and social reality. The land reform, which was intended to create a more balanced economic force in marriage, was the beginning of governmental efforts to pacify women, with no real social effect. Communist China needed to address the "woman question". Since women wanted more equality, and equality is doled out from the hands of those in power, capitalism was examined. The economic issues of repressed Chinese women were focused on the Land Act and the Marriage Act of 1950. The Land reform succeeded in eliminating the extended family's material basis and hence, it ...
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Cleopatra Egyptian Queen - 995 words
Cleopatra is an amazing woman, She was known for many great talents and great achievements. She was a very determined Macedonian queen. She went to many great lengths to keep her grip on the power she was left by will. It was said that Cleopatra was witty, charming, and highly intelligent. Through the research I have collected I will prove to you that Cleopatra was an amazing women. I will do this by uncovering facts of her fathers death, and how she took control of Alexandria, Her Early life, Her family life, Her consorts, and her love affairs with both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Without further ado I present to you my Essay. Cleopatra, the Egyptian Queen was born in the year 69 B.C in ...
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The Industrial Revolution - 1,177 words
It has, been variously called the "Western Miracle" (Rosenberg and Birdzell 42) and the "European Miracle," (Jones) but it is commonly known as the Industrial Revolution. Subsequent to the Middle Ages, populations in Western Europe began developing technology that enhanced their ability to generate products and which led to significantly higher standards of living than populations elsewhere on the planet. It should be noted that this does not suggest that the quality of life was better for the Europeans, only that even the poorest European was materially better off than his counterpart in India or China. This research examines why the Industrial Revolution took place in Europe, and why it di ...
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