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Urban's concept of crusading is defined, according to Robert of Rheims, as getting revenge on those who have killed and sinned. We learn that the themes used to incite war-fever were those that were against the Christian faith and violence, as seen in The First Crusade-Chapter I Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont, November 27 th 1095 # 2. The attitude toward Non- Christians was negative, as we learn later. The Pope mentions plenty of incentives to incite this war-fever.
There were plenty of themes used to incite war-fever among the Christians. The Persians came to Jerusalem and killed millions of Christians, as the Pope states. The Persians captured the Christians and tortured them severely. Tortures includes circumcision, which was viewed as unholy and against God. The Pope preached of the murder and rapes of women and children and also of the burning of the holy churches.
The language he used was god-given. According to the Pope, he viewed the Crusades as fighting for God. God said that we should crusade. As Pope Urban said, It is the will of God! It is the will of God! . The people of Rheims said that the Pope was so influential on the people of Clermont that they started chanting It is the will of God!
also. He stated that God implanted this strength in their chests and now he has drawn it forth because the This proves that the Christian attitudes towards non-Christians is unfavorable. They believed that everyone should be of Catholic faith. Pope Urban also stated that if you fought in the Crusades and believed in God and Christ, you will recieve everlasting life. Non-Christians would not recieve such glory. There were many incentives according to the Pope.
He stated that they should let the deeds of their ancestors to move them and incite their minds to fight for them. He stated that they should fight just like king Charles the Great and many of their other kings who have destroyed the kingdoms of Pagans, and made the territory of the church greater. He said to let the burial of the Lord to incite them and all the holy places which have been treated with ignominy [disgrace] and corrupted by filth. The biggest incentive was to think about the valor of their progenitors [ancestors]. This version of Pope Urban the Seconds address by Robert of Rheims, who may I add, was a monk at Rheims, tells us about the popular belief that people get punished by God for making sin, such that of the violent crimes that the Persians commited towards the Christians.
The popular belief about salvation is that the people went on a long journey to the holy land, Jerusalem, and fought for God. Once they fought, lived or died after battle, they have reached salvation and would be cleansed of the sins, if any, they commited. The Pope, according to Robert of Rheims, said that the church is the most powerful thing in society and if you fight for God, you recieve everlasting life, like we learned before. Therefore, to sum his speech up, to reach salvation you must fight in the crusades. The exceptions were the old, feeble, unfit, women without husbands or guardians, priests, and Bibliography:
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Research essay sample on Pope Urban Popular Belief