NOTE: Free essay sample provided on this page should be used for references or sample purposes only. The sample essay is available to anyone, so any direct quoting without mentioning the source will be considered plagiarism by schools, colleges and universities that use plagiarism detection software. To get a completely brand-new, plagiarism-free essay, please use our essay writing service.
One click instant price quote
William Shakespeare had a way of creating intelligent characters who made use of the art of deception for their own personal gains. Characters such as Lucentio and Petruchio in The Taming of the Shrew; Oberon and Puck in A Midsummer Nights Dream; Portia in The Merchant of Venice; and Richard in Richard III, all wanted to further their own agenda and did so in very sneaky and deceitful ways. These characters smartly used trickery and deceit to achieve their goals, and succeeded. And let me be a slave, t achieve that maid whose sudden sight hath thrall my wounded eye, (I. i. 219 - 220) In The Taming of the Shrew, Lucentio has come up with a plan to woo his love Bianca. It involves his servant Train pretending to be him so that he can pretend to be a schoolmaster.
Bianca's father, Baptista, has decreed that she stay locked up in the house until her sister, Kate, is married. The only people allowed in to see her are her tutors, one of which is Lucentio in disguise. Ironically, Lucentio came to Padua to study Philosophy and virtue. While disguised as Bianca's tutor, he woos her and in the end he wins her heart and her hand in marriage.
Petruchio, whos one driving need is to marry a rich woman, uses trickery once he has wed Kate to change her from a shrew to a loving wife. He acts foul and ill-tempered Dawson Page 2 toward all of his servants, more ill-tempered than Kate ever had, and at the same time he keeps reassuring her of her own good qualities, such as sweetness and kindness. She immediately sees from Petruchio's actions that her own shrewish ways were wrong and impossible for others to tolerate. At the same time, she realizes what kind of a person she is inside, the same kind of person that Petruchio has been insisting she is. Petruchio effectively tricks Kate into stopping the shrewish behavior so that she can be that kind of person. In the end, Kate is a more loving and attentive wife than her own sister.
In A Midsummer Nights Dream, the fairy king Oberon wants an Indian boy to be his henchman, but the fairy queen Titania will not give him the boy. They argue about it and Titania simply leaves. Well; go thy way. Thou shalt not from this grove till I torment thee for this injury, (II.
ii. 146 - 147). Oberon has trickery on his mind. He enlists the help of Puck to find a magical love potion that resides in a flower. He will use the potion to make Titania fall in love with the first thing she see when she awakens, then before he takes the spell off, he will talk her out of her Indian boy. The beauty of this plotting is that Shakespeare overlaps the trickery of Puck with the trickery of Oberon.
Puck turns the head of Bottom into a horses head, just for fun. When Titania wakes up, the first thing she sees is Bottom with the horses head, and falls in love with him. Oberon likes the way this works out, for the original intent was to get the boy, which he does, and to get revenge, which he also does. For the rest of the play, Puck runs amuck with trickery and deceit for his own amusement, and succeeds. In The Merchant of Venice, Portia is a very intelligent lady left at the mercy of her fathers dying wishes concerning marriage.
She knows that all of her suitors are not good enough for her. She does love Bassanio and wishes to be his wife, which does happen. Dawson Page 3 Yet she can not bring herself to trust him, so she sets upon her path of deceit to try and get a ring away from Bassanio that he had promised he would not take off for anything, and at the same time let Bassanio know that even though she doesnt mind that he has friends, she has to be number one in his life. She dresses up like a man and comes to the aid of Bassanio's friend, Antonio. She saves Antonio from the Jew scoundrel and devil Shylock, then wants the ring as payment. Bassanio at first says no, but then relents (with a little push from his friend Antonio) and gives it to her, all the while not knowing that it is his wife Portia.
My soul upon the forfeit, that your lord will never more break faith advisedly, (V. i... 252 - 253). Antonio assures Portia that Bassanio will not do anything like that again on his advice in the end, and Portia confesses to her deceit. She has accomplished all she set out to do.
She has helped Antonio become free from the clutches of shylock and she has let Antonio and Bassanio know that the wife comes before the friend. In Richard III, Richard of Gloucester wants but one thing: to become king. He is a sad excuse for a human being with nothing on his mind but hatred and evil. He will go through anyone or anything to get what he wants, and that is just what he does. In the beginning of the play we learn that Richard has plans to get rid of his brother, Clarence, who just might stand in his way to the throne. Then he awaits the death of the current king.
He also courts Anne, the widow of a former king who he had slain, along with the former kings son, and ends up marrying her. Not only does Richard show no remorse, he also does not try to hide his misdeeds. Once the king is dead, Richard has his two sons killed and then claims the throne for himself. Even after he is crowned, he gets rid of a few that helped him along the way, and Anne, simply so that he can hold on to the crown Dawson Page 4 as long as he can.
Richards speech was marked by formality and intelligence, and he used trickery and a lot of deceit to get the crown. And even though he was killed in battle by Richmond, he achieved all that he set out to achieve. Lucentio smartly and effectively won the heart of Bianca through deceit. Petruchio used intelligence and trickery to make a loving wife out of Kate. Oberon ingeniously tricked Titania into giving up the Indian boy as Puck had fun using trickery at others expense. Portia solidified her bond with her husband by creatively using deceit and trickery.
Richard was cunning and crafty and employed deceit to obtain the crown. Shakespeare crafted these intelligent and clever characters to use trickery and deceit to gain what they desired. They were all successful, as was Shakespeare. Bibliography The Riverside Shakespeare, 2 nd Edition, 1997, Houghton Mifflin Company
Free research essays on topics related to: taming of the shrew, midsummer nights dream, merchant of venice, richard iii, kind of person
Research essay sample on Midsummer Nights Dream Merchant Of Venice