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C A N D I D E b y: V O L T A I R E (FORMALISM) Voltaire's CANDIDE is a story about a man who was in search of true happiness and who was in a journey that proves that not all is for the best. He grew up in castle of Westphalia, but was exiled when found kissing the baron's daughter. That was where his misfortunes began, among them was when he was tortured during An army training, when his philosopher was hanged in an auto " fe, when he rescued his true love from the hands of the Inquisitor and the Jew, when the Anabaptist James and his friend died during the quakes in Lisbon, and when he realized that a nation, in order to be happy, should be secluded from the rest of the world, despite of these he still believed that there is a "cause and effect" for everything! At this point, we would still find him struggling and fighting in hope that he and Cunegonde would still be together. He started to witness the cruelty of life. There were a lot of times that he wanted to give upset the only thing that kept him alive was the hope that things will get better.
As Dr. Pangloss would always say, "Everything was made for a purpose, all is necessary for the BEST purpose." The theme of this book is that no one should be a victims life we know that there are struggles and obstacles that SHOULD be overcome and that not everything should be passively accepted Voltaire's initiates the idea that people should work to make their happiness. Voltaire as the narrator of the story was also able to criticize some of the present people during his times. He did this by using their names or siting similar situations that happened in real life.
Because of this he was able to come up with such marvelous characters that was able to contribute a great deal to Candide's journey. Dr. Pangloss... the greatest philosopher of all time as his tutor. Lady Cunegonde as the apple of his eye.
The old woman who was said to be the daughter of Pope X. Cacambo... his faithful servant. Baron... as the brother of his beloved. Martin as his valet and who accompanied him through Venice.
And lastly, this poor turkish farmer whom he meets, and allows Candide to realize that all he needs to be happy is a garden that he could build his life around and that he was right not to lose hope. In the end the reader might think that Candide was happy Yes... he was reunited with his teacher and was married to his true love Cunegonde. But he was not happy, he no longer loves her and he doesn't believe in the principles of his teacher anymore. This book had so many unnecessary scenes in the story that wasn't really needed at all. It travelled from places to places allowing the same things to happen again and again there were so many characters involved but only few were really significant It's quite dragging because you have this feeling that you know what will happen next.
Another bad point of this book is the ending part. The climax was so high already, as a reader you will be looking for something, but instead it ends with a garden scene, it was quite symbolic but it wasn't satisfying. The only message here is we shouldn't hope for the best but we should strive for it. It was skillfully written but, it's not complete shouldn't've ended that way.
Free research essays on topics related to: cunegonde, philosopher, candide, true love, pangloss
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