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... ho feel they are unable to raise the child. On the other side you have the pro-choice viewpoint, they believe that women have the right and freedom to decide whether and when to have children; they argue that pregnancy can result from contraceptive failure or other factors out of a womans control. When pregnancy does occur pro-choice individuals believe that the most moral decision possible must be determined according to each situation, and that in some cases greater injustice would result if abortion were not an option. If legal abortions were not available, some pro-choice supporters say, back-alley shops and do-it-yourself techniques, with their many health risks, as well as the birth of unplanned children, would grow in numbers. Others say that discrimination in health care would result, since wealthy women could more easily make the travel arrangements necessary for a legal abortion elsewhere. Lastly, others say physicians, because of their strong personal convictions regarding abortion rights, would feel forced into becoming lawbreakers.
(Insel/Roth 1998:165-167) The Roman Catholic Church in the United States has different views when it comes to abortion. The current pope, Pope John Paul II, has reasserted many rules for a less strict approach. John Paul has repeatedly condemned all sexual activity outside marriage and all non-procreative sex, such as masturbation. There is a sharp division between Roman Catholic Americans. A large segment of Catholics actively or passively support the antiabortion, or right-to-live, movement, yet there are many dissenters. (Hyde/DeLamater 1997:534) What biblical teachings might be used in a discussion about abortion? The bible is used by Pro life and Pro-choice groups to prove that their view is the view that God takes, because the Bible is the word of God. The issue of abortion is not specifically referred to in the words of the bible, so each group picks out quotes and then they use those quotes to support their beliefs. Pro life groups believe that life begins at the moment of conception, their proof that abortion is wrong, quotes that, life begins at conception, people are formed in the image of God, and murder is wrong.
Anti-abortion groups and the Roman Catholic Church state that God created each and every human, that each person was intended, their life planned, and mapped out. They were built in the womb of the mother, before the child is delivered, "For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mothers womb", "My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place." Psalm 139 "Before I formed you in the womb, I knew you." Jeremiah 1:5, these say that God knows the soul of every fetus, and therefore proves that the fertilized egg is a human life. They use their belief that Gods spirit lives in every person, even in an unborn child. By killing that child you are killing a part of Gods family, the quotes from the Bible they use to support that claim are; "Dont you realize that all of you together are in the house of God, and that the spirit of God lives among you in his house?" 1 Corinthian 3 V16 and "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them." Genesis 1:27-28. These prove that each human is a part of God. These teachings are all about the Sanctity of Life, which Christians believe in. This means that life is a gift from God and each life is precious therefore should be treated with the greatest care and its value should not be jeopardized or questioned in anyway. The other meaning of the sanctity of life is the next biblical teaching that some Christians would use to oppose abortion, the teaching that only God has the right to decide when a life should be taken away.
Because He is the one who gave that gift in the first instance and, as life begins at conception, abortion is perceived to be the taking of a human life. "I came naked from my mothers womb he said and I shall have nothing when I die. The Lord gave me everything I had, and they were his to take away." Job 1 V21, this supports the argument. As does the ultimate teaching, in the opposing groups eyes, this is possibly the simplest and most well known quote from the Bible, "Thou shall not kill" Ten Commandments Exodus 20 V12. This is the fifth of the Ten Commandments (rules that every man should follow), those who consider abortion to be the murder of a human life, use this to prove that God does not tolerate murder, therefore would not tolerate abortion, it is a sin. (Dershowitz 1992:22-24) There are of course biblical teachings that can be used to pardon abortion; the main theme identified in these quotes is the fact that God forgives our sins, that no one is perfect.
"If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness." 1 John 1 V 9. This is one of the important quotes that the people opposed to anti-abortionists use, it states that, if the person is truly sorry for making the decision to abort the baby then God would forgive them of their sins. They use Jesus life as a teaching that says that abortion will be forgiven, it is how Jesus sent his life healing those in suffering and how he would not want to see someone suffer if they did not have to, therefore in the eyes of God, abortion, as a last resort, can be pardoned. As you see, it can go to ridiculous extremities when talking about the religious viewpoints concerning abortion or any argument in the matter concerning religious grounds. (Dershowitz 1992:23-28) As discussed earlier, abortion in any form can be dangerous to the patient. The facts are that women undergoing legal abortions during the first eight weeks of gestation have the lowest risk of death (0.4 per 100,000 abortions), whereas procedures completed after twenty weeks of gestation are associated with the highest risk (10.4 per 100,000). On average, the mortality from induced abortion is one in six thousand and exceeds the risk of maternal death from childbirth.
The risk of uterine perforation and resultant visceral injury also increases as gestation advances. The risk of complications requiring hospital admittance increases from 5.5% for abortions performed before fourteen weeks gestation to 11.2% for abortions performed subsequent to fourteen weeks. (Sprang 1998:744-745) Only one out every ten thousand women who have abortions have them after 24 weeks. These are performed only when there is a serious threat to a womans life. In addition, fewer than five out of one thousand women who have an early abortion will have serious complications. Women giving birth are much more likely than women having abortions to need major abdominal surgery, such as a cesarean section, as a result of complications. (Knowles 1996:9-11) Considering the risks of maternal morbidity and mortality increase substantially with advancing gestational age, elective abortions, if they are to be performed, should be performed as early as possible in gestation.
Limiting late term abortions would minimize maternal risks. Physicians must preserve their role as healing, compassionate, caring professionals, while recognizing their ethical obligation to care for both the woman and the unborn child. (Sprang 1998:747) These are just some of the many medical, legal, social, and ethical issues concerning partial-birth abortions. As you can clearly see, the arguments and litigations towards this never-ending issue will continue. With all that Ive researched I believe that partial-birth is closely related to homicide and that all functions should come to a cease, though for a fact it will remain legal somewhere out there. 1996 Contrary to Popular Opinion. New York: Pharos Books 1996 Abortion: Commonly Asked Questions Hyde, Janet Shibley with John D. DeLamater 1997 Understanding Human Sexuality. United States: McGraw-Hill 1998 Separating Fact from Fiction: The Latest Battle Over A Womans Right to Terminate a Pregnancy Has Generated A Lot of Heat But Very Little Light.
1999 The Journal of the American Medical Association: Rationale for Banning Abortions Late in Pregnancy 280:744-747 National Abortion and Reproduction Rights Actions League 1996 Who Decides? A State-by-State Review of Abortion and Reproductive Rights 1996 Core Concepts in Health. Stanford University: Mayfield Publishing Company 1996 Partial Truths about Partial Births http://goa.go.arch/goal/observer/1996 NOVEMBER/no Bibliography:.
Research essay sample on Partial Birth Abortion