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The Success of England and Spain in the Colonization of the New World The success in the colonization of the New World (America) depended of many factors such as the treatment of the natives, the Church, methods of government, the support of the colonists, the role of religion, and also the condition of the country who wanted to colonize. I consider success when you have a goal and you achieve it, or perhaps when you obtain something good. I think that the English were more successful than the Spanish in colonizing the new world because England was more stable that Spain, they had a powerful army, a better economy system and also because Spanish only wanted gold and richness from the colonies and the English wanted to stay here. This is what Candace is trying to explain us here: Although Spain struck a formidable figure during the initial colonization of the New World, it is certain that England was the most successful country when came to settling North America. Several factors contributed to England's dominance over Spain and the other European countries that attempted colonization. Among those reasons were England's strong navy, periods of benign neglect in the colonies, development of capitalism, a strong middle class, success at practicing mercantilism, superior geographic locale, and intentions upon coming to the New World. (Candace, 1998, p. 1) As we can see, Spain had many disadvantages in comparison with England.
Its initial success can be attributed to the fact that they were the first European nation that went here and because some religious believes of the natives where they colonized matched what they were living. The English colonists had more success at conquering and colonizing the New World. In that time, many people had the idea that the Earth was flat and it ended in some point, and people thought that they would fall when they reached that end. If any other people said something different, he was seen as crazy. Contrary to what many people though, Christopher Colombus was one of the persons who thought that the Earth was round and he wanted to find an easier way to find India; however, he founded what it is know America, and he died believing that he had found India. After Colombus voyages, many other colonists followed his route to get to the New World.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans who travelled to the New World and encouraged the other European countries to come to the New World, although Portugal wasnt as powerful as England and Spain, it also influenced in some ways the New World. The word colonize is defined by as. This means that, in order to colonize, it has to exist a mother country and a colony; the mother country is the one that colonizes, governs and control the colony and the colony is the one who pays taxes. In the 16 th century the only countries from Europe that had colonies in the New World were Spain and Portugal. Other countries like England and France were not sure if colonization in the New World would be worth and they also had problems with other European countries to preserve its territory. One reason that affected the success of the colonization in the New World was the treatment of the natives.
In the case of the Spanish colonization, the natives worked for the colonists and were treated very bad, they also worked alone but couldnt compete with the low prices of the powerful colonists. We can see the bad treatment that Spanish of the natives in the following: "The Spaniards took babies from their mothers' breasts, grabbing them by the feet and smashing their heads again rocks... They built a long gibbet, low enough for the toes to touch the ground and prevent strangling, and hanged thirteen [natives] at a time in honor of Christ Our Saviour and the twelve Apostles... Then, straw was wrapped around their torn bodies and they were burned alive. " In the case of the English colonizations the relationship between the colonists and the natives was different because at first they get along pretty good but they ended in a state of war as we can see in the next quotation: At first, relations with the Indians continued friendly, though the Englishmen had their detractors in the Council of the Indian Chief.
The aborigines planted crops and made fish traps for the Englishmen... Grenville's deplorable action in burning the village of Aquascogok was indicative of the fact that the high-spirited Englishmen of that day could not live on even terms with the natives. In the lean period between the planting of crops in the spring and the expected summer harvest, English relations with the Indians grew strained and finally reached the point at which no further supplies could be had from them... By June 1, 1586, the colonists were at open war with the Indians, and many of the latter were slain in the struggles that ensued both on Roanoke Island and on the mainland at Dasamonquepeuc. Pemisapan was among those who were killed in the fighting. (Life in the Colony, 199? , p. 1) Based on the quotation we can see that in this aspect the English colonists had some advantage from de Spanish colonists and the result was that they were easier to colonize and it was more effective. One other aspect that had a big impact in the success of the colonization was the role that the Church and the religion played.
But the colonists faced a big barrier that was the language and that the natives have no idea about the believes of the Europeans. Here Mr. XXXXXXXXXXXx tries to explain us: 1. First, at the time of European contact, all but the simplest indigenous cultures in North America had developed coherent religious systems that included cosmologies -- creation myths, transmitted orally from one generation to the next, which purported to explain how those societies had come into being. 2. Second, most native peoples worshiped an all-powerful, all-knowing Creator or "Master Spirit" (a being that assumed a variety of forms and both genders). They also venerated or placated a host of lesser supernatural entities, including an evil god who dealt out disaster, suffering, and death. 3.
Third and finally, the members of most tribes believed in the immortality of the human soul and an afterlife, the main feature of which was the abundance of every good thing that made earthly life secure and pleasant. The Spanish colonists justified the conquest of the New World because they didnt know the Christianism. The Spanish used many methods to teach the natives the religion like they used images of the Saints and Gods, they made some plays and representations of the ceremonies, they tried to represent the hell with flames and pain, but none of these methods worked because it was almost impossible to change the way native people thought; so what they started to do was to teach the little children who werent educated to the native cultures, when they grew they would belief in christianity Bibliography:
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