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Are Things Equal Between The Sexes In College Sports? "Monday night football won't be shown this week, instead women's field hockey will be aired. " Monday night football has been a long lasting American pastime and a change like this would tend to really shock and upset millions of dedicated football fans. This group, made up of mostly men gather round the tube each week for a chance to watch men running around a field carrying a ball and running into each other. The situation I stated earlier probably won't happen, at least not in the near future. Men's sports still seem to dominate, and in order to allow this to be changed, certain steps must be taken. First of all, the situation needs to be addressed as a serious problem, then those people affected need to be determined.
Next, the cause of the problem needs to be addressed and finally, it is time to think of solutions. So, first of all, is there really a problem? Why does it matter that men get all the attention in sports? That's the way it has been for hundreds of years dating back to the first Olympics.
But then again why should men get all the attention, women work just as hard as men at their sports, why not give them some credit? Men and women are treated differently in sports ranging from the size of budgets, the number of scholarships given, and in how many athletes are Men's athletic budgets are without a doubt a lot higher than women's athletic budgets. On average men's athletic budgets are nearly five times that of women's (Moline 18). An example of this is at schools that offer women's sports of field hockey and volleyball that have budgets less than 20 % of that which is allocated for men's sports (Hanmer 13). Overall operating funds for women's sports are about three times that of men's (Moline 18). Funding for individual sports is different but when all added together men receive a lot more money for their sports than women.
Another difference between men's and women's sports is the number of athletic scholarships given to athletes of differing sexes. Male athletes, as a whole, receive twice the number of scholarships that women athletes receive (Moline 18). In a survey conducted by the NCAA (national collegiate athletic association) of 253 division 1 schools, athletic scholarship funding was 69. 5 % for men and 30. 5 % for women. The actual average amount of money given for scholarships was $ 849, 130 for men and $ 372, 800 for women (Farrey C 1). In 1992, division 1 schools with football teams were allowed to offer 92 scholarships per season (Farrey C 1).
This exceeds any other sport, men or women's, in the number of scholarships available. When everything is added together male athletes receive more scholarship money than female athletes. This is another example of the inequality between the sexes. Yet another difference between men and women's collegiate sports is the number of participants.
The ratio of men to women at most colleges is usually one to one, but sports participation is usually two to one favoring men (Tarkan 25). Men's athletic teams are generally bigger than women's teams. This could be attributed to the bigger budgets and more scholarships that would allow men's teams to be larger. This two to one ratio shows that participation is not equal and therefore women are discriminated against.
These examples of inequality in college sports shows that there is a problem and it has been a problem for some time. Women have less money budgeted for their sports, less scholarship money, and there are a lot fewer female athletes than male athletes. In 1975, a girl in Colorado had to use the court system in order to be allowed to practice and play with a men's team. This was done since there was no available women's team. (Hanmer 96). Having to go to court, again shows that a problem does exist, and even though it is getting better, with the number of female athletes rising, the problem of inequality Now that it is known that a problem exists, the next step in solving the problem is to figure out who is affected by sexual discrimination in sports.
Contrary to popular belief, female athletes are not the only people affected by sexual discrimination. Male athletes, female athletes, and society are all harmed by sexual discrimination in sports. First of all, the most noticed and the biggest group of people that have brought this problem to everyone's attention is the female athlete. Female athletes have struggled for years to become men's equals in many areas, including athletics. Even though the female role in sports has grown, men still receive most of the glory. Television stations that air sporting events generally air male sports such as football and basketball.
The sports that are shown on television receive money from the television station. CBS has paid over 1. 7 billion dollars to broadcast the men's NCAA basketball tournament until 2002 (Chad 22). Some of this money goes to each team playing in the tournament. Female sport's teams don't have the opportunity to receive money from television because the television stations don't want to air their games.
Another way that women are harmed by sexual discrimination is in the amounts of money budgeted to keep their sports going. As I stated earlier, men's sports are budged an average of five times more than women. Male sports seem to take everything away from female sports, but this is not necessarily true. Male athletes are also affected by sexual discrimination in sports. As opportunities are gradually getting better for female athletes, something must give in order to make these opportunities available. These things are usually men's athletics.
In some instances men's sporting teams have been limited or totally cut from a school's athletic program in order to make room for more female teams. At the University of Illinois, the men's swimming and diving team was cut in order to meet the title ix equality requirements. Members of this team filed a lawsuit claiming reverse discrimination, but lost (Briggs B 4). Another example of male athletes being harmed is at Yale.
Water polo and wrestling teams were dropped in 1991 and the track and cross country teams had limits placed to control the numbers of participants (Frankel). Though title ix was issued to stop discrimination, it is causing some men's sports to be harmed. Now that both sexes of athletes have been addressed, who else could be harmed by sexual discrimination? The answer to that question is society.
Everyone that pays taxes is affected. A portion of the taxes that everyone pays goes toward education. Some of the money given to schools through taxes goes toward the school's athletic program. As schools try to equal things out between men's and women's sports, more money will have to be spent. This rise in athletic costs could eventually lead to a raise in taxes in order to allow state schools to continue having sports programs. Another possible affect is the rise in a school's tuition.
Parents wishing to send their children to college could face a higher tuition resulting from the money it takes to add women's sports. Parents with athletically gifted male children could find it harder for their children to receive athletic scholarships, as more scholarships The people that are affected by sexual discrimination, including female athletes, male athletes, and society, are affected in different ways. Each group faces hardships caused by sexual discrimination. Now that it is known who is affected by sexual discrimination in sports, the next step to is to learn what causes it. Sexual discrimination is caused by many things that have been around for many years. The three main things that cause sexual discrimination in sports are football, television, and tradition.
These three reasons all are Football is a widely appreciated and closely watched sport in America. Football alone is the major cause for the wide gap between equality in men's and women's sports. There is no female sports that is comparable to football (Becker 70). Football teams usually cost the most to run of any sport at a college (Gullenberg F 5).
This is partly due to the large number of players on a team. Numbers can range from 75 to 125 players per team (Tarkan 26). The University of Nebraska took 132 players to the Orange Bowl in 1994 (Burk 93). Some...
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